Stakeholders of the Internet Community met at the first Africa Internet Summit (AIS) 2013 held from 9 to 21 June 2013 at the Intercontinental Hotel in Lusaka, Zambia. During the AIS trainings, tutorials and conference, delegates shared knowledge on Internet policy and technical issues.
AIS 2013 was hosted by the Zambia Information and Communication Technology Authority (ZICTA) in partnership with ISPA, Internet Service Provider Association for Zambia (ISPAZ). ZICTA, Dot Africa, Internet Society, Afilias, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), Liquid Telecoms, iconnect.zm, SEACOM, Google, France X, Organiation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), Hurricane Electric, Open root and Ama Sapho sponsored the event. On an average over 400 people attended the plenary sessions. Approximately 130 people from 26 countries attended the AIS trainings which included AfNOG and AFRINIC workshops and tutorials from 9 to 17 June at the Top Floor. Most of the attendees came from the education and telecommunication sectors.
The AIS 2013 Conference was officially opened on 17 June. The chief guest for the occasion was Honorable Yamfwa Mukanga, Minister of Transport, Works, Supply and Communications of Zambia.
The AIS conference consisted of 32 plenary sessions with over 100 speakers presenting and discussing Internet issues for the region and globally. Additionally policy sessions on Internet number resources management spanned over two half days during the premier AFRINIC Annual General Members Meeting.
The AIS 2013 was organised jointly by AFRINIC and AfNOG with the support and collaboration of AF* organisations.
Networks that bind
The Africa Internet Summit 2013 officially kicked off Monday with many speakers challenging Africans to utilise the Internet efficiently and effectively for development.
Officially opening AIS '13, Zambia's Minister for Transport, Works, Supply and Communication Yamfwa Mukanga said Africa should use appropriate and adequate technology to enhance social and economic development. He noted that enhanced utilisation of the Internet has had multiplier effects on social and economic development in many countries in Africa. However, he decried the low penetration rates in many African countries which he said have had perilous consequences on Africa's position at the global level.
Mr Mukanga also noted that Internet governance issues are of great importance to the development of Africa. The Director General ZICTA Mrs Margaret Chalwe-Mudenda supported the view that Internet governance is an issue that affects "everybody" and asked Africans to participate effectively in determining how the Internet is used.
Delivering the keynote AfNOG Convenor Dr Nii Quaynor asked delegates and Africans to participate openly and effectively in finding focused solutions to Internet development. He noted that capacity building was critical to finding lasting and effective solutions to Internet connectivity in the continent. This was echoed by AFRINIC Board Chair Badru Ntege who noted that enhancing the skills base is critical for the future developments of Africa.
The Acting Head of Nepad's e-Africa Programme Dr Edmund Katiti said the Internet has had profound effects on Africa. He noted that although submarine cables have improved connectivity in Africa, there is still a lot to be done to improve penetration in many countries.
AFRINIC's CEO Adiel Akplogan said the organisation and others are ready to work together to promote a stable and affordable Internet access in Africa. "We have a unique responsibility to proactively share the understanding we have of the environment to offer solutions to the complex issue of Internet growth in Africa," Mr Akplogan said in his opening remarks.
Quote of the day
"For Africa to develop it needs to use appropriate and adequate technology"
Yamfwa Mukanga, Zambia's Minister of Transport, Works, Supply and Communication test
A platform for deeper engagement
AIS '13 has been described variously as a platform for engagement, connectivity, networking, collaborating, and peering. It is also a forum where issues relating to the Internet's role in the social and economic development of Africa will be discussed.
To Adiel Akplogan, the AIS offers an opportunity for multistakeholder engagement and is a good platform for enhanced collaboration.
"The Summit will provide a platform to share meaningful ideas that should contribute to the development of the continent," saidSamson Longwe, the chairman ISPAZ. "The ideas should contribute to the development agenda."
To Badru Ntege, AIS provides an opportunity for people to come "together in one physical location … it is a place to listen and learn … share and build effective networks that work."
Title: Official AIS Opening Ceremony
Date and time: 17 June 2013, 10.30 am – 1.00 pm Venue: Main Board Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: Over 200
- Samson Longwe -Director – Internet Service Provider Association for Zambia (ISPAZ)
- Margaret Chalwe Mudenda – Director - Zambia Information and Communication Technology Authority (ZICTA)
- Badru Ntege – President of Board of the African Network Information Centre (AFRINIC)
- Dr Edmund Katiti – Acting Head of The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) e-Africa Programme
- Dr Nii Quaynor – African Network Operators' Group (AfNOG) Convenor
- Honorable Yamfwa Mukanga – Minister of Transport, Works, Supply and Communications of Zambia
Adiel Akplogan, the CEO of AFRINIC welcomed everyone including the chief guest of the event the Minister of Transport, Works, Supply and Communications of Zambia, Honorable Yamfwa Mukanga.
Adiel Akplogan said that the conference part of the AIS is held after one week of training. This is the first joint session by AF* organisations.
Since AFRINIC’s first meeting in 2004 the community has grown and also the technology has evolved. This growth entails more challenges as well.
The joint event aims to go beyond solving complex Internet development issues within the technical community. Internet is about connecting devices and connecting people. We should engage ourselves in an integrated and dynamic growth of the Internet community in Africa.
There is a need for making the Internet work for African Internet development. Mr Longwe thanked all the collaborators of this event and highlighted that ICTs are cross-cutting sectors and are helpful in all the business sectors as in our daily lives. The sector is quickly becoming a major employer and contributing to the GDP in Zambia.
With this joint meeting he hopes to see more development in the African continent.
Margaret Chalwe Mudenda started her speech by thanking the organisers for this forthcoming informative and productive week.She said that this event is a great opportunity for sharing best practices and mentioned that there were 120 delegates who attended training which started as from 9 June.
The ICT regulator in Zambia is happy that ICT professionals in the country benefit from these trainings and conference.
Mrs Mudenda ended her speech by thanking everyone.
Mr Badru Ntege, Chairman of the AFRINIC Board started his speech by welcoming everybody. He said that AFRINIC / AfNOG Meetings have been successful and are still moving forward. He stressed that the community is striving to build a movement based on African self- sufficiency. Mr Ntege highlighted the need to grow together as a community.
Mr Ntege highlighted the historical context of the event and said this is only the beginning of the journey.
Mr Ntege shared his views about Technology and the Internet and we need to use these only as a means and not an end.
Mr Ntege stated that the future ecosystem will bring the various stakeholders together.
With IPv4 exhaustion, Mr Ntege highlighted the need to adopt IPv6 and build IPv6 networks. To make progress, Mr Ntege said we need to keep listening and learning.
Mr Ntege highlighted that AFRINIC won an international award for best IPv6 trend.
Mr Ntege then provided the training statistics with over 130 persons from over 26 countries trained during the conference.
Building networks consists of challenges but working together is the solution added Mr Ntege.
Mr Ntege concluded by saying It is also important to learn, share, and make connections to build the network.
Dr Edmund Katiti from NEPAD spoke on Africa currently experiencing a profound change. African leaders are prioritising development and championing the infrastructure projects.
NEPAD is the executing agency for both the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) and Presidential Infrastructure Champion Initiative (PICI), and during the recent African Union Summit, NEPAD launched VPic (the Virtual PIDA Information Centre), to obtain information on progress of the various PIDA projects. The website for VPic is www.au-pida.org.
As part of the 50 years celebration of OAU-AU, the AUC and NEPAD Agency are organising an Africa ICT Week at the new African Union HQ Building in Addis Ababa. The event will be held during the first week of December 2013.
The NEPAD e-Africa Programme is also working closely with regional institutions to enhance Internet and ICT policy development processes through mechanisms such as the regional Internet Governance Forums (IGFs), the African IGF and the global IGF.
With the collaboration of several partners, the NEPAD e-Africa Programme will launch the African School on Internet Governance as part of the ICANN-47 meeting in Durban next month. This will contribute to the development of capacity amongst various stakeholder groupings and enhance Africa’s participation in the development of the Internet.
The next speaker was Dr Nii Quaynor who spoke on the AIS concept. He said that the concept has come to maturity. Dr Quaynor introduced the various representatives of the AF*, AFREN, ISOC Chapters, AfricaCert, ICANN - Africa.
He explained the meaning of the AF*, namely the star. Dr Quaynor spoke on the Internet ecosystem in Africa from a historical perspective. The African Internet ecosystem needs to be further developed. He then outlined the beginnings of the ambitious AF* project.
Dr Nii Quaynor concluded his speech by congratulating Pierre Ouedraogo for winning the prestigious John Postel Award.
The Honorable Yamfwa Mukanga Minister of Transport, Works, Supply and Communications then gave his speech.
The Minister said he was delighted to host this important event which also focuses on Internet governance.
Honorable Yamfwa Mukanga acknowledged the impact of information and technologies on socioeconomic development.
ICTs are driving significant changes both at micro and macro levels by bringing increased effectiveness, enhancing good governance and lowering the cost of delivering basic social services.
Honorable Yamfwa Mukanga noted that as Africa becomes more connected to the rest of the world through broadband networks and as the uptake of internet increases, issues relating to erosion of cultural values, abuse of freedom of expression through online publication, child online protection, cyber security and cybercrimes are emerging. These need to be addressed to protect citizens and businesses through appropriate legal and regulatory frameworks.
He also thanked AfNOG and AFRINIC for choosing Zambia to host this important event.
The Minister hopes that the outcomes of the Summit will help in protecting citizens, businesses and government against cyber threats and promote significant investments in ICT infrastructures and services.
He concluded his speech by thanking the Zambia Information and Communications Technology Authority (ZICTA), Internet Service Providers Association (ISPAZ), all local and international organisations for all logistical support provided in hosting the summit.
Title: Af* First comers session: Introduction to Af* and IGF ecosystem
Date and time: 17 June 2013, 09:00 -10:00 am
Venue: Main Ballroom, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 60+
Coordinator: George Nyabuga Speakers
Anne Rachel INNE, AFRINIC
Michuki MWANGI, ISOC
Dr Nii QUAYANOR, AfNOG
Paulo NYIRENDA, AfTLD
Jacques HOUNGBO, AfriCERT
The session was introduced by George Nyabuga, the AFRINIC Head of Communications & PR. George thanked the audience for attending the first planned session of the Africa Internet Summit 2013.
Anne-Rachel Inné started the presentation by sharing with the audience the AFRINIC organisation structure, mission and activities.
Since its inception in 1997, Anne Rachel shared the achieved milestones pertaining to IP resources allocation and management in Africa. Ms Inné said that AFRINIC is showing engagement in capacity building over the continent in collaboration with local, international bodies and communities.
Ms Inné ended her presentation by inviting the community to support the African Internet Summit to create a convergence of capacities, which will leverage the development of African community.
Muchiki Mwangi presented AFNOG activities. Founded in 1999, AFNOG is committed to serve as a community of engineers helping each other to meet the technical challenges of setting up, building, and running IP networks on the African continent.
AfNOG conducts a 5-day technical hands-on training in collaboration with ISOC and other international organisations to sustain its trainings and activities programmes. AfNOG benefits from international support from International bodies to sustain its trainings.
Paulos Nyirenda, Chairman of AfTLD presented an update of TLDs activities in Africa. As a body member of ICANN, AfTLD is participating into the strategy of ICANN for Africa. Among their projects, we could note:
New website implementation
African Country Code TLS assessment Study project with ISOC-ICANN
DNSSEC capacity building
AfTLD’s objective is to make sustainable African ccTLD, get ccTLDS fully automated-registry DNS among others.
The next presenter was Jacques Houngbo from Africa CERT who said Africa CERT is a forum for organisations and individuals that work to build cybersecurity in Africa. It is important to promote cyber security in Africa since we are having more and more organisations operating in the region pointed out Jacques.
Jacques concluded his intervention by inviting the community to join Africa CERT and is open to any interested party that helps in building strong and reliable Internet in Africa.
Dr Nii Quaynor, on behalf of AfREN, gave a presentation on the African Research and Education Network which was created almost 6 years back. It aims to develop a synergy between African regional REN to promote information exchanges.
The session ended at 11.15 am.
Following the panelists’ presentations, participants wanted to know about the AFNOG ‘s criteria for screening engineers that want to attend its workshops.
Another participant has recommended translating the training material in African local dialect to improve awareness of Internet.
Some participants invited the AfriCERT to involve more African decision- makers and governments in the promotion and the uptake of cyber security in Africa.
Title: AFRALO /Civil Society engagement
Date and time: 17 June 2013, 10.30am – 1.00pm Venue: Olive Grove, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 7
Moderator: Mohamed El Bashir
Mohamed El Bashir, Chairman, Steering Committee dotAFRICA/ICANN ICANN At-Large Advisory Committee and Africa Regional organization ‘AfRALO’, Moderator and speaker – (ICANN/IG issues and users’ engagement)
Pierre Dandjinou, Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement for Africa (ICANN - Civil Society/Stakeholder Engagement in Africa)
Tijani Ben Jemaa, Director of the Mediterranean Federation of Internet Associations (FMAI) and AfRALO - (remotely)
Dr. Alioune Badara Traore, AfRALO (Experience of an ICANN at Large Structure "ALS")
Dawit Bekele, Regional Bureau Director for Africa, Internet Society - ISOC contributions in Africa
AFRALO stands for African Regional At-Large Organisation. This is an individual Internet user community interested in the work and activities of ICANN.
The session started quite late due to the fact that the first comers session finished late. Instead of starting at 10.30 am, the meeting kicked off around 11.20. Even then, there were not many people in the room and the meeting had to start with four or so participants.
The meeting finished at 1 pm.
Many issues were discussed at the session: how individuals can participate in the affairs of ICANN, and how civil society organisations can enhance their interaction with the organisation. It also looked at how people can participate as an Internet user or a civil society organisation in the Internet policy development process.
Mohamed El Bashir started by explaining what the Internet ecosystem means and how the various organisations interact within this system. He
also discussed the contributions of the organisations into the Internet ecosystem.
He also discussed why individuals and organisations need to participate in and contribute to Internet development. He provided domain name applications statistics for 2012, and said there were over 1900 applications meaning people are still interested in domain names, and are keen to participate more in the business of Internet management.
Despite the high number of applications, El Bashir said Africa did not apply for many due to what he suggested was the costs of such application. Google alone, however, applied for between 160-170 domains.
He also talked about emerging issues such as effective use, user data and privacy, and acceptance of new gTLDs.
Pierre Dandjinou talked about how to be involved in the ICANN process and the need to be more engaged.
He talked about the need to be more involved and the challenges of the developments in the Internet ecosystem. He particularly emphasised the development dimension of Internet use and engagement. How do we engage Africa? was his question. He said there is need to be promote new faces, new issues and open the process to newcomers to engage more critically and authoritatively with various stakeholders and with each other.
Dr Alioune Traore talked about the ICANN multi-stakeholder model, and how to influence decisions within the organisation and how that contributes to the shaping of the ecosystem. He said it was important to participate actively in ICANN discussions and meetings.
He said any organisation can register to be part of AfRALO and through it become part of the ICANN decision-making process. He detailed how to interact with AfRALO, and mentioned mailing lists, and monthly conference call meetings. He said they also have a working group that focuses on critical issues.
He asked delegates to visit www.atlarge.icann.org/correspondence/structures-app.htm for AfRALO membership application.
Tijani Ben Jemaa talked about AfRALO and its contributions to issues relating to Internet development especially at ICANN.
Dawit Bekele said there is need to involve younger people in Internet and Internet policy conversations. He said the younger generation
should be encouraged to participate actively in decision-making. He noted that a majority of decision-makers are older people.
During the deliberations that followed, it was suggested that there is need to go outside the technical community when examining critical Internet issues. This is because society in general and other communities affected by Internet use should be involved.
It was also suggested that there should be an active outreach programme aimed at bringing in new faces into the community.
Title: AFREN Updates
Date and time: 17 June, 2013 - 09:00 – 10:30 Venue: Nalikwanda, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 23
Moderator: Coodinator Speakers:
Welcome note by Boubakar Barry (AAU), Bonny Khunga (ZAMREN), Dr
Nii Quaynor (AfNOG), Adiel Akplogan (AFRINIC)
Review of past year activities – Boubakar Barry, AAU REN Unit ZAMREN update – Bonny Khunga, ZAMREN
ASREN update – Salem Al Agtash, ASREN (Represented by Omo Oaiya, WACREN)
Research and Education are key areas for developing our region, but only with a proper infrastructure.
In 2005 access was a key issue. Since then there has been a lot of progress and today other issues include how to use this access either by producing content and added value or just using it to consume content. It was highlighted that access without collaboration is useless.
Mr Boubakar gave an overview of the statistics of AAU indicating that at least 2 NRENs are now interconnected in Africa with plans to connect a couple more by the end of the year.
ZAMREN gave an overview of their operations and the technical competences and services they offer based on their sustainability model.
A major challenge is reducing the cost of bandwidth.
Dunkin from TENET added some insight on how the Africa connect will effect costs and interconnection in Africa once completed by the end of third quarter in 2013.
He also said that Ubuntu net alliance is the regional interconnecting backbone network not Tenet
Mr Omo Oaiya from WACREN gave the ASREN (Arab states REN) presentation, indicating that the all three networks WACREN, Ububtu and ASREN work very closely together.
The network consists of 22 Arab countries RENs including Egypt, Sudan, KSA Morocco and more countries will soon join for example Somalia.
Challenges include buying transit into London which is cheaper than interconnecting.
Mr Boubakar stated that there are strong commitments to integrate both Ankabout and ASREN and that ASREN will have Ankabout as a major hub.
Dunkin queried on such RENs peerings, Boubakar answered that he sees nothing wrong in them stating if the infrastructure was not in place it will still have regional hubs.
To a question about applications and services within the African RENs, ZMREN stated that there is a slow movement into that direction, once the infrastructure is up and running which is currently the main issue for RENs today, the services and applications will follow.
Mr Boubakar emphasised the need to show governments the importance of the RENs and the low cost services like videoconferences and tele-presence.
Mr Dunkin highlighted the services such as the super computer in South Africa through the REN that is used for astronomy research.
Title: AFREN Updates
Date and time: 17 June, 2013 - 11:00 – 12:30 Venue: Nalikwanda, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 23
Coodinator: Barry Boubakar Speakers:
WACREN update – Tiemoman Koné, WACREN
UbuntuNet Alliance update – Joseph Kimaili, UbuntuNet Alliance
NSRC Virtualized Training Kit – Hervey Allen, Network Start Up Resource Center (NSRC)
Prof Tiemoman Kone talked on the history of WACREN. The organisation was registered in Ghana in 2010, and the board was set up in 2011, with 9 members, 3 technical committees from 22 countries. It covers over 150 institutions, representing more than 1 million users. WACREN is involved in collaboration and knowledge sharing projects. There are eight established REN and a few other initiatives under way.
Cote D’Ivoire REN connects major universities, distance learning facilities and data centres. The TogoREN is operational and the Benin will be established next month.
Prof Tiemoman Kone talked about the interconnection topology and the exchange point. He elaborated on the partnership with RENATER (France) to establish high capacity circuits. An operational collaboration agreement with UbuntuNet Alliance as well as a peering connection are in the pipeline. Prof Kone stated that WACREN has recently signed a partnership with UNESCO. He talked about the challenges for NREN such as the problem of infrastructure, bandwidth, and lack of institutional support. The next month general assembly will be in Abuja in 2-3 July, hosted by NREN.
Joseph Kimali gave a brief description of the Ubuntu Alliancee. He explained the current state of network connection from Europe to Africa and said most of the traffic is exchanged in Europe. Joseph talked about the AFRICA CONNECT Project in four phases and its progress. He further explained the capacity building strategy for engineers, twinning program, partners, the different past, current and future events. He ended his talk by giving E-Infrastucture initiatives.
Hervey Allen talked about the NSRC Virtualization kit. He explained the technologies used and the 2 different types of virtualization. He also
talked about the benefits of virtualisation and showed pictures of the hardware needed before and now. He made a demo on how easy it is to create new VMs and gave specifications of hardware used. He showed examples of where those new hardware were useful and explained the benefits, limitations and new possibilities.
Title: Internet Governance & Challenges facing Africa Date and time: 17 June, 2013 - 16:00 - 17:30
Venue: Ball room Attendance: 50
Moderator: Anne-Rachel Inne
Pierre Dandjinou - Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement for Africa (ICANN - Civil Society/Stakeholder Engagement in Africa) Douglas Onyango – Address Supporting Organization Address Council Fiona Asonga -Address Supporting Organization Address Counci Kezias Mwale – African Telecommunications Union Lukonga Lindunda – Co-Founder and Director - BongoHive.
Pierre Dandjinou gave a brief history of ICANN and outlined its current structure.
Pierre Dandjinou then covered some of major governance issues including WCIT, the International treaty that will become effective on 1 January 2014.
Pierre Dandjinou said that he sees WCIT as an opportunity and not the beginning of a cold war.
The World Telecommunications Policy Forum (WTPF) took place in May in 2013 in Geneva. Issues such as IPv6, IXPs and broadband were discussed.
The ITU Plenipotentiary Conference will be held in 2014 and is an opportunity for the ITU to redefine its scope and work, as well as WSIS + 10.
Fiona Asonga questioned if we were effectively governing our Internet. Fiona listed the different stakeholders at national level and how they interact and engage with each other and among their members.
Fiona Asonga stressed that sufficient time is not dedicated to fully understand issues leading us to miss on opportunities. Lack of participation in the process and lack of appreciation of the multi stakeholder engagement model are some of the issues that Fiona highlighted.
Poor prioritisation and synchronisation of Internet governance as well as the absence of suitable collaborative platforms and appropriate
knowledge disseminated in the press were also highlighted among the challenges.
Kezias Mwale outlined the ATU Internet Governance perspective and plans. He said the ITU is dedicating more efforts to mobile broadband, which will be the way forward in most parts of Africa. The promotion of silicon valleys across Africa are also high on the ATU priority list.
Lukonga Lindunda stated that we cannot control our destiny without having control over our content. He showed statistics that indicated access growth in the region. There was a boom of ICT hubs all over Africa. The ICT hubs take on board young Africans teaching them technical and non technical ICT issues. Ihub in Kenya is one of the biggest success stories in Africa. Other examples being the co-creation hub and M-farm that have impacted the community.
Ms Inne highlighted the importance of jurisdiction in data protection with regards to our intellectual society and our youth.
Content creation, especially in languages is a challenge. Do we leave behind the others that do not speak certain languages or do we find ways to bring them into the discussion?
Questions from the audience revolved around Africa’s engagement and other concerns like security and which part of our national strategy caters for the digital economy.
Fiona mentioned that ihubs organise regular policy meetings to discuss some of the emerging issues, however they do not have the funding to attend meetings at the regional and global levels.
A participant from Uganda, who is a software developer highlighted the challenges in developing his business model for startups.
Telcos should partner and support the different innovation spaces.
Sami Salih from Sudan addressed the issue of the Internet as a human right issue.
The setting up of the First Africa Internet governance school in Durban during the ICANN meeting was highlighted. A proposal was made to introduce Internet Governance issues in schools and sensitising the academic community to these Internet Governance topics.
There was also a plea to increase remote participation at meetings.
It was also pointed out that content development should be made in native languages
It was highlighted that content development should be done in native languages.
|_Title: Anti-spam Bird of Feather
|_Venue: Olive Grove, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka
|_Coordinator: Alain Aina
Alain Aina introduced the session by saying that the purpose of this BoF is to address and discuss spamming issues in Africa. The participants were Mr Alain Aina (AFRINIC), Mrs Madhvi Gokool (AFRINIC), Dr Nii Quaynor (AfNOG), Mark Elkins, (Posix), Amreesh Phokeer (AFRINIC), Gregoire.
From the BoF the discussions on the following topics took place.
The need to produce a BCP document on spamming was raised by Dr Nii Quaynor.
People will then be able to benefit from clear and descriptive recommendations from the BCP.
People instead of addressing queries directly to AFRINIC can use the WHOIS database.
A first step towards building this documentation is to collect recommendations.
Madhvi Gokool mentioned about the considerable amount of queries to AFRINIC regarding IP addresses that are spamming. She thinks that people also do not verify the publicly available WHOIS.
A lot of telcos do not like to register their assignments, because of spamming they request for separate slashes for their customers and operations. They do not want to be blacklisted but is against AFRINIC policy. This leads people to think that AFRINIC is responsible for spamming.
Mark Elkins said co.ZA get exactly the same kind of mails, and he can see where the mail comes from.
There was a recommendation to use the Name and Shame method for spammers.
Mark Elkins said that there are two types of spammers, the botnet and for the other type their business is to spam and send as many emails. Mark said that we should address the first type of spammers.
Gregoire from Benin Telecoms said that his customers are generating spam. There is nothing in the law that prevents spamming. It is necessary for us to have a document with best practices. We must check the end-user and not the ISA.
A comment by Mark Elkins on the black list: spamming can be either from people using your network or people have their machines compromised.
Amreesh Phokeer suggested that it is possible that some people are under the wrong impression that AFRINIC can revoke IP addresses.
A question from Amreesh Phokeer about a pattern which allows for spam recognition.
The 154/8 that is not allocated is another problem and whether spammers are using IP from this block.
We need to set watchdogs on unused spaces to prevent prefix hijacking which is one of the root causes of spamming. Members do not have an abuse contact as there is a policy for abuse contact, but Alain said the policy is optional.
In South Africa, a code of conduct giving ISPA certain rights providing the protection to ISPs, because of the privilege that it has with governments. Once every six months a test is conducted whereby ISPA sends an email to every abuse address.
If it is mandatory it will allow AFRINIC to see whether someone is responding to an abuse address. If you do not respond to this email your license can be revoked.
Alain said that we can learn from this example which can further be discussed at ICANN Durban. South Africa has good practices we can learn from.
Alain informed that BCP is a request for comment document with a BCP ID. There was a query on the number of IP addresses we have on the black list. If a /17 is on black list this is a problem. Mark Elkins said that the black list is purposely not to be used for emails. It will be good to collect and quantify the data. Data is obtained from people who complain.
Meaningful data can be obtained from Spam House in Germany to see when AFRINIC blocks was affected and released again. Dr Nii
Quaynor says he would like to see people trust AFRINIC come to AFRINIC for such issues.
The definition of spam was discussed. People have different definitions. Amreesh Phokeer says we have to agree on a definition of Spam. It was discussed and it was highlighted that AFRINIC does not have a policing role in spamming issues.
Alain invited participants for co-chairing and to register on the anti- spam mailing lists. Gregoire and Alain will co-chair and by AFRINIC-19 there will be a charter and a document from AFRINIC and AfNOG to submit to the IGF.
Mark remarked in the Registration Services Agreement (RSA) there is no mention of anti-spam measures. Alain said we could reward good mail providers.
Madhvi suggested that new AFRINIC members could be accompanied to understand the new abuse policy. However it can be time consuming to get 900 members to do it. Also discussed that it would be good to get ISPA members on board but Mark said that without carrot and stick it is not likely to happen. But Dr Nii Quaynor said such incentives could be included in the BCP document.
There were suggestions for modifying the AFRINIC RSA to include BCP 38 and a proposition that AFRINIC engages in a programme for making good NET citizens. The possibility of applying a discount on v6 was also raised.
Title: Workshop on the future of multi-stakeholder approach Date and time: 18 June 2013, from 09:00 to 12:30
Venue: Nallikwanda Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 24
Moderator: Ms Desiree Miloshevich Agenda & Panel
Report from the OII Seminar on Challenges and Opportunities of Multistakeholder approach to Internet governance. Lead discussants: Adiel Akplogan, Theresa Swinehart
What is the future of the multi-stakeholder approach?
Lead discussants: Towela Nyirenda-Jere, Nnenna Nwakanma, Dawit Bekele
Participants are invited to contribute to the open discussion by answering some of the following questions:
What are the origins of Multistakeholder approach to Internet governance?
What does Multistakeholder approach mean for our participants?
What are the lessons learnt in the region and in Africa? Open discussion Moderator: Desiree Miloshevic
How does a Multistakeholder engagement relate to development of policies within your organisation?
What are the challenges for Multistakeholder engagement?
Is there an opposition to the Multistakeholder approach among some developing nations?
Do you coordinate with other Multistakeholder organisations? How? How frequently? On what issues?
Do you coordinate with organisations of traditional governance regimes, i.e. state governments and/or intergovernmental and international organisations?
Is there a space for co-evolution of the two models or one that may take the best of both worlds?
Coffee Break / Networking
African case studies on Internet geographies and content development in Africa, Rwanda and Kenya, Dr Mark Graham, OII Open discussion
Final Points of Summary and Closing Remarks
Participants spoke on their respective roles and experiences and shared views on the concept of multistakeholderism and the complexity associated with its implementation in general. The need to understand the problems and the barriers to implementing multistakeholderism was raised in addition to how important it is to have proactive and honest discussions on Internet Governance issues.
Adiel Akplogan from AFRINIC talked on multistakeholderism which is the ability to work together to solve complex issues. Internet Governance is a complex issue. The critical role that academia plays in Internet Governance in most part of the world was then highlighted but in Africa it was the private sector which started playing a prominent role namely through ISPs by providing key services.
The WSIS talked about how the governance of the Internet or the Information society can be open or not. IGF has contributed a lot in making governments understand Internet and its complexity. The regional IGF has greatly flourished in the African region even if it is not a decision making body. Government should find the right approach to adopt multistakeholderism. The IGF is a platform where people from various regions come together to share ideas and Internet Governance requires a lot of debates. There is the need to understand where Internet Governance comes from, to understand what are the barriers and source of its problems. Having these discussions will allow us to better understand the issues. The notion of putting people together in a multi-stakeholder approach is happening because of the complexity of issues. We have to find a way to formalise the Internet governance models to institutions and we need to work locally.
Teresa Swinehart highlighted the key takeaways from the recent London Meeting as follows: She evoked that it is pertinent to have open dialog on issues of Internet policy and technical perspectives, identify the various areas of cooperation, find ways to address issues like spam, and telling a story that encompasses jurisdictions. Teresa said that social practices can explain the effects and impacts of these various aspects of multistakehoderism. Teresa informed the panel that at the Global IGF, in October, there will be a track on multistakeholderism.
Ms Towela Jere Nyrienda addressed the concept of stakeholderism which means having an interest and taking a position. However in the multisatkeholder process the focus should be on responsibility rather than the interest side. She stated that democracy is a fairly new process in Africa as is the concept of multistakeholderism. It is a challenge for both the private sector and governments to follow up on
IG issues. There is also a need to understand Internet Governance more from a process perspective rather than the events one. The complexity of the Internet ecosystem has been highlighted as well as the need to map out its multiplicity for a better understanding of the ecosystem. Capacity is an issue and NEPAD is committed to setting up an Internet Governance school. Capacity building should also focus on non technical people such as parliamentarians.
Mohamed El Bashir shared his appreciation of a new Internet culture being shaped as a form of expression through multistakeholderism and subsequent to the Arab spring more stakeholders are getting involved in this process. Mr El Bashir stated that this process should be wholly inclusive but at present it is slow. Mohamed El Bashir questioned whether the dominance of the English language is connected to Internet addressing and shared the successful experience of crowd sourcing in Arabic.
Nnenna Nwakanma spoke on her experience. She said the Gattuso report marked the beginning of multi-stakeholderism. She spoke on her personal experience going to the WSIS Summit as a student and the openness surrounding the Summit in areas such as the reporting, reading, writing of the reports which were openly published. The emerging reality of the Internet and its unknown aspects were in this context both new to governments and private sectors. Internet governance and its extra territoriality and global nature thus became a challenge.
Nnenna Nwakanma then questioned the definition of Civil Society. She shared her expectations of one day having open, privacy of personal data, free Internet everywhere for everybody. Nnenna Nwakanma shared experiences from Cote D’Ivoire from the Internet governance perspective and the national IG initiative the Forum de la gouvernance de l’Internet and invited everyone to come to Cote D’Ivoire for the next IGF.
Ridha Guellouz said during the pre event WSIS process in 1999, inclusion was a key concept which also meant multistakeholder participation marking the origin of multistakeholderism. Ridha Guellouz said the origin of multiistakeholderism is linked to the WSIS. He also stated the need to differenciate between the global nature of the Internet and policies and regulations specific to national and regional countries. The difficulties to multistakeholderism occur mostly at national level. Ridha Guellouz spoke on the low regional motivation and participation levels on mutistakeholderism processes namely from North Africa.
Through the IGF, there has been achievement but real multistakeholderism lies in the heart of the Internet which is the infrastructure of the Internet. There is a lot which remains to be done in
terms of implementing real operating Internet structures based on multistakeholderism. Multistakeholderism is interest driven. In the beginning the concept was principles driven. RG stated that at present we are more driven by our interest than by our principles.
The multistakeholder approach should be built at the national level and we need to understand the role of the civil society by adopting other values such as solidarity.
Mr Badru Ntege spoke on his experience on multistakeholderism from the Ugandan perspective. Mr Ntege said that even though Civil society in Africa is often seen as opposing the governmental culture it can be conducive to the multistakeholder process. The successful interaction between the private sector and government were exemplified by the Presidential Investment Routable in Uganda. The need to understand other stakeholders is important but the results of multistakeholderism is still impending.
Mr Ntege spoke on the role of government and level of involvement of regulators which leads to the level of involvement at the ITU. The composition of the civil society was evoked which is often misinterpreted in Africa.
Adama Samassekou emphasised that the WSIS is the first UN Summit to include multistakeholderism by putting ICT at the service of humanity. It was the first attempt to bring together various stakeholders and make them agree to come together as stakeholders. Adama Samassekou also said that it is important to move away from the tradition of confrontation and work collectively. There is a need to form a new partnership between government, private and civil society.
All the partners need to understand their respective roles. The government has to set legal and consultation frameworks, set the norms and standards to create the synergy whereas the private sector needs to deliver technology at low cost and the civil society the content. These are the key roles that are expected to implement a common project and by to fulfilling 7 preconditions. Partnership on the other hand needs three major values: Confidence, transparency and commitment.
A vision by all stakeholders is necessary in addition to the means to achieve this and to discuss issues and find consensus in the global society as well as creating new partnerships.
The concept of adopting a consensual democracy model as opposed to the western concept of democracy was raised. The multistakeholder model is a unique model which also allows for knowledge sharing. The
IGF model is lacking in terms of partnership and representativeness from governments. Adama Samassekou said that governments have to engage different stakeholders, the civil society and the private sector to participate at the IGF.
According to Adama Samassekou this is the doorway to a new World Governance but it is still a dream. MS concluded his intervention by a quotation ‘’When we dream a dream alone it is still a dream but when we dream together it is the beginning of reality’’.
Later during the session Adama Samassekou intervening on Mark Graham’ presentation said the African history and identity were made by others. The lesson learned is that we have to empower our people in their own languages, regarding the question of e-literacy and e- morality, daily life mode of communication. Multimedia offers the possibility of developing creativity of content in ICT which relies on content producers.
The multistakeholder model forms part of the Geneva spirit leads to a very important issue – the public-private partnership is a narrow approach because we put aside the civil society and academia. We should come to the multistakeholder reality of life. Today the use of Internet leads to a lot of social problems.
The multistakeholder model should be tackled at the national level. It is about solidarity and developing a mindset. It is also a question of vision.
Ms Legoze spoke on the role of governments in the IG process. With regards to the IG process, Legoze said that there is a lack of participation from this group. She expressed the need for addressing this issue. She questioned the meaning and role of the civil society in IG processes. She talked about various interests by various stakeholders leading to the issue of transparency in multistakeholderism. With regards to the IGF, she said the right mechanisms are still impending.
Mark shared his understanding of what a multi-stakeholder’s group is and laid emphasis on the role of the governments. Mark spoke about his involvement and contribution to the educational ICT sector in South Africa. He stressed on the fact that governments need to participate in Internet governance debates to be able to make better decisions.
Dawit Bekele talked about the issue of traffic going outside Africa and ISOC ‘s AXIS program to keep the traffic local explaining its challenges, results, evolution and ISOC’s experience with the collaboration of the AU and governments.
Dr Nii Quaynor said we spend too much time in trying to build order, over ten years, and it is important be inclusive, be open with each other, and not focus on the actors, but more on the process. We have to learn the process by getting involved in more projects.
Fiona Asonga shared the multi-stakeholder approach and consultative processes, framework and regulations of Internet governance which has been institutionalised in Kenya.
Graham spoke about the change in geographies and the impact of connectivity in the continent by illustrating statistics on various aspects specifically related to content production across the world and Africa. Statistics of content usage on google, flicker and Wikipedia were shared. Mark concluded by saying that Internet penetration and connectivity is not the only and sufficient condition accounting for production of content in various parts of the world.
Pierre Dandjinou stated that the Multistakeholder approach is about open Internet. The Global IGF is not the platform for negotiation and governments will not come since there is no negotiation happening. UN is a negotiating platform but not the IGF. 90% of the work should be done at home regarding IGF. Issues like filtering content will be ongoing because they involve security issues at the global level.
Title: AFRINIC Government Working Group Meeting Date and time: 18 June 2013, 14:00 – 15:30
Venue: Nallikwanda Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 30
Moderator: Adiel Akplogan
The 7thedition of the AFRINIC Government Working Group was held at the Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka, Zambia, on the 18thof June 2013, from 14h00 to 17h30. The meeting was organised by AFRINIC. Workshop participants were drawn mainly from African ministries and regulators, among other Information and Communication Technology (ICT) stakeholders, as well as regional and international organisations.
The meeting agenda was as follows:
14h00 – 15h30: Government engagement with AFRINIC – Closed meeting
1.1. AIS concept brief + AFRINIC introduction
How to become AFRINIC members
Relevant Policy to be discussed during AFRINIC-18 & AFRINIC PDP
Number resources statistics
How to engage Government Network Operators with AFRINIC.
AOB: Arab RIR, NIR (in line with the UG EACO recommendation)
16h00 – 17h30: Global engagement – Open meeting
1.7. Update on Government Networks and access to IP addresses – Outreach to government Network Operators - Adiel Akplogan
Update on Africa Region’s participation/engagement in IG processes AFRINIC, ITU, IGFs - Anne-Rachel Inné
Update on Africa Government engagement with ICANN: Africa ICANN strategy - Pierre Dandjinou
1.10. Update on the new gtLD programme from Beijing – ICANN 46 – Maimouna Diop
1.11. Dot Africa Strategy – Koffi Djossou
The meeting was attended by 30 representatives of 12 African countries (regulator and ministry), representatives of the “Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie”, UniForum SA, ICANN, MAAYA, as well as AFRINIC staff and Board members The objective of the meeting was to re-affirm AFRINIC’s commitment toward Internet Governance
and its collaboration with African regulators and ministries.. During the meeting, attendees were given the opportunity to further familiarise themselves with AFRINIC’s role in the Internet ecosystem and the importance of the AFRINIC Government Working Group.
The 7thedition of the AfGWG was conducted in the form of round tables, interspersed with presentations. For the first time, the meeting was divided into two parts, the first one being closed for Governments and Regulators only, while the second half was open to all. The AFRINIC Government Working Group is a dedicated platform, having been set up with the aim of strengthening the collaboration between AFRINIC, African Governments, and Regulators to create a dynamic framework to address general Internet governance challenges faced by the region, and specifically those related to the management of Internet Number Resources.
Title: RPKI, BoF
Date and time: 19 June 2013, 16:30 – 18:00
Venue: Olive Grove Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 1
Moderator: Amreesh Phokeer
There was only one attendee from Sudatel (Reham Ahmed) in the RPKI BoF.
However, the participant from Sudatel was very active and keen to learn about this technology. Amreesh presented RPKI using Randy Bush’s RPKI presentation at AFNOG and used his slides as it covers RPKI globally from resource certification to router filtering based on valid/invalid ROAs (route objects authorisations). One of his presentations can be found here: http://ripe60.ripe.net/presentations/Bush-The_RPKI_Origin_Validation.pdf
Sudatel decided not to create ROAs during the BoF as they were “afraid of breaking existing routing rules”. I believe in our future trainings, we should stress upon the fact that organisations creating ROAs will not affect their routing, if their upstream provider has not enable ROA validation.
Title: Africa IPv6 1st Session
Date and time: 19 June 2013, 09:00 – 10:30 Venue: Ball Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 90
Moderator: Adiel Akplogan
Hisham Ibrahim from AFRINIC started the session by talking about the IPv6 visibility (14%) on the African continent. The rest of the world showed 16% visibility. Since it seems that Africa is keeping up, he questioned as to whether this trend is acceptable.
The slide showed a Graph displaying the IPv6 visibility for each RIR. APNIC – 20% visibility. RIPE NCC – 18% visibility. It is to be noted here that both RIRs have reached IPv4 exhaustion and were leading the trend.
ARIN was lagging behind AFRINIC in the chart, but these are relative numbers as ARIN has more networks than AFRINIC.
Graph 2 – Allocation trends at AFRINIC. The number of /32s lead in 2011(in visibility as well). 2012 & 2013, the trend went down.
He also mentioned that Geoff Houston makes predictions for IPv4 exhaustion based on statistical models and based on trends in allocations made by RIR. According to his predictions, AFRINIC will run out of IPv4 addresses by 2020. Is this statement true in reality? Nonetheless, this gives people a false sense of comfort, in that AFRINIC has a lot of IPv4 space left and some organisations don’t see the need to deploy and deliver IPv6 to their end-customers for this reason.
The first presenter was Martin Levy from Hurricane Electric.
Mr. Levy said his presentation is about positive and fun talks on IPv6. He mentioned that there is a difference between today’s talk and the first talk that happened a while ago. Way back, curiosity led them to investigate IPv6 but they did not have the time to play with it.
Let us compare this to a brand new network engineer accessing the network now and about to configure an interface on a router. This network engineer will deal with networking in 2013 and he must realize that his Job is incomplete until whatever Internet task he has been doing is complete.
Internet as a word will always have to be IPv4 & IPv6.
He also spoke about the practical aspects of building networks, from the operator perspective –
Most new hardware purchased and installed over the last handful of years are IPv6 capable.
Implementation/Configuration on the hardware that has limited the v6 capability. The reason being that humans are very good in saying that they will do things tomorrow rather than today. Inside the AFRINIC region, this argument falls on deaf ears because in the region IPv4 is still available from the RIR or ISP. Tomorrow is ok for IPv6 but there is a catch.
The catch is that some countries, e.g South Africa are driving their capability to host more content within AFRICA to reduce the cost & improve quality of the content & to bring the economics of hosted data towards the continent. ISOC/AFPIF improve connectivity within the region. Content & connectivity has & will increase within the continent. The current reality is that content is being pumped from other parts of the world. It is a fact of life as well.
-? The content providers are located in regions where there are no IPv4. Their network engineers will focus on 90% v4 10% v5 , 75% v4 25% v6 until the day that v6 is more important than v4 for all these sources of content. IT will happen. Then you would realize that you are not using a protocol that is front & center and number one to those content delivery players.
-? The following scenario which can be farfetched but is in fact real mobile operators are already implementing & deploying IPv6 right down to the SIM card (easily deployed). IPv6 on a mobile network will operate little bit more efficiently than an IPv4 address.
-? Therefore, the change towards IPv6 can be much quicker than what we may think, rather than later.
In 2013, IPv6 deployment is not 0% if we look at the talks/presentations by himself, Geoff Houston and Hisham Ibrahim.
Jan Zorz from Internet Society
Internet Society Deply360 Programme takes care of deployment oriented documentation.
Jan Zorz started his presentation by talking about the IPv6 launch that happened on 6 June 2012 and It was a great success. It began on 6 June 2012 and the aim was to demonstrate that IPv6 is part of regular
business (not an option). Access networks, home router vendors, websites participated. ISOC coordinated the effort with FB, google and yahoo guys. It was about the accelerated adoption of IPv6.
One year has gone by:
Global IPv6 use has doubled from the IPv6 world launch till today
IPv6 is an integral part of the global Internet today
-? Major parts of the Internet today have IPv6 enabled by default
-? Some Operators are beginning to consider IPv6-only deployments. If you are not IPv6 enabled on the other side, you’ll be left behind
Data from real networks:
-? Significant growth in google v6 traffic (doubled)
-? Akamai growth has doubled – 250% growth
-? Slovenia and IPv6
The number of users enabled with IPv6 has more than doubled with many network operators worldwide including KDDI, DT, and Swisscom
Data about Slovenia and IPv6 – top 50 sites and measure if they are reachable over IPv6, have DNS & mail on IPv6
-? Top 6 sites that generate 60-70% of traffic in the country are IPv6 enabled. It is not a challenge any more for the national TV/operator to be IPv6 enabled.
Back to the world, the most adoption is in Asia Pacific followed by Europe, then America, Latin America & Africa are lagging behind. We have a strong momentum now and if the trend continues it will take fewer than 6 years for 50% of the world to be IPv6 enabled.
Access networks - ATT, Comcast, Free, Internode, KDDI, Time Warner Cable, and XS4ALL participated initially and were joined by other networks((DT and Swisscom), South America (Telefonica del Peru), and Asia (Softbank and StarHub)
The reason why they participated was because they can, it’s doable and they don’t want to stay behind.
IPv6 launch measurements
Router vendors have joined Cisco & Dlink and ship routers with V6 enabled. A website is available for home router vendors
Initially Facebook, Google, Microsoft Bing, and Yahoo! Participated. 2300 websites turned up IPv6 for 2013 launch – MANY more now!
Big content available over IPv6 now: Google, Facebook, YouTube, Yahoo!, Bing, Wikipedia, Netflix, etc.
IPv6 is part of Regular Business now
IPv6 is enabled on the main website ? ? No IPv6 specific URLs (www.ipv6.example.com) or mirror sites. ? ? IPv6 enabled users use IPv6 without doing anything
Over 10% of Alexa top 1,000 sites serve IPv6 now
Impact of IPv6
IPv6 is an integral part of the Internet
Major websites (Google, Facebook, Yahoo!, Wikipedia, Bing) are using IPv6 continuously
ISPs continue to deploy IPv6 for end users
Home router vendors are shipping with IPv6 enabled by default IPv6 allows network operators to avoid costly workarounds to IPv4 address exhaustion (such as address sharing schemes involving Carrier Grade NAT (CGN))
IPv4 is effectively exhausted in Asia-Pacific
IPv4 is effectively exhausted in Europe
IPv4 will soon be gone in North America. Africa still has some resources and may think it’s safe. The rest of the world is moving towards IPv6. It is not a wise idea to continue IPv4 as it will cost
more to deploy IPv6 later on. Extending the learning cycle over a long period of time is a privilege that African operators have. The rest of the world have had to embark on IPv6 in haste. Jan encourages AFRICAN operators to embark on IPv6 today, and learn slowly at their own pace.
Interactive with questions from the floor
HI : Why do we have only 14% IPv6 visibility?
HISHAM IBRAHIM: What is the experience from Registration Services regarding IPv6 deployment?
MADHVI GOKOOL: In 2011 RS approved a larger number of IPv6 requests. But in 2012, the trend went down instead of growing .
AFRINIC is holding IPv6 training sessions (around 12 ) on the continent in 2012 & 2013 .. What is preventing the members from requesting their IPv6 prefix? Those operators getting IP addresses from ISP/REN/Upstream provider .. have they been able to get IPv6 from them?
HISHAM IBRAHIM: When new members join AFRINIC. Do they request for IPv6
MADHVI GOKOOL: 54% of new members asked for their IPv6 prefix along with their IPv4 request
Geert Jan: How many of those allocations are actually seen?
MADHVI GOKOOL: AIRRS report – about 10-14% of IPv6 prefixes issued are visible on the Internet
Geert Jan: Do we also see the IPv6 traffic.
MADHVI GOKOOL: I don’t have the answer
Geert Jan: AFRINIC runs the name servers for reverse lookups? It will be interesting if AFRINIC could measure that.
Audience : Question regarding marketing Strategy regarding IPv6 . A lot of people in Universities may not know about IPv6 unless they attend AFNOG/AFRINIC events. What strategy does AFRINIC have to reach out to all those in the Universities (big market)
HISHAM IBRAHIM: AFRINIC have IPv6 PM who contacts people
Face-to-face trainings (12 countries per year) and 6 online webinars per year
NRENS – MoU and discounts of getting IP resources.
IPv6 for members are free of charge if the members have IPv4 addresses
Can anyone from the audience/NRENs as to what AFRINIC can do more or help to increase the IPv6 visibility.
Alston: Question about IPv4 in relation to IPv6. The only way to deploy IPv6 was to restructure the network. Is this considered a valid justification to getting IPv4 addresses?
MADHVI GOKOOL: IPv4 policies – justified/demonstrated needs are the requirements. Usage of IPv4 addresses on the network along with IPv6
Representative from Regulator (ANAC) in Cape Verde: In Cape Verde, the regulator started to talk about IPV6 in 2010 through workshops to sensitise people about IPv6 and the necessity to transition from v4 tp v6.
In 2012, the Government issued a resolution to create a commission with some aims –
-? Create document strategy to transition/implement IPv6 in Cape Verde
-? Two meetings have happened already
-? Members – main departments/institutions that will influence (University, Internet society, regulator, government, ISPs , ministries, Mobile operators)
-? Workshops in 2012
-? Now they draft of the strategy document to deploy IPv6 in Cape Verde)
-? They will also translate this document from Portuguese and send to AFRINIC.
-? AFRINIC may also come to CV to do a workshop/forum on IPv6 in October
-? At the end of 2013, The document will be presented to the government for approval
-? In 2014/2015, who knows, IPv6 addresses will be allocated in Cape Verde.
Ali Hadji from Comores: Alert in the newspaper – Telling the local people to go exchange the old currency for the new currency.
Since there is a time limit to IPv4, he does not want Comores to rush and catch the IPv6 train at the last minute.
HISHAM IBRAHIM: who feels that there is no real rush towards IPv6 in Africa.
Mark Elkins: IPv6 has been deployed in his network for the past 5 years. He mentioned that he has a competitive advantage over every one else.
Andrew Alston: Comment about the urgency.
LQ Telecom gets IP addresses from RIPE in Europe and some in Africa. There is no IPv4 space in Europe, so LT will come to AFRINIC to get IPs for African operators from AFRINIC. It’s a matter of time when that situation will happen in Africa. Europe will be forced towards IPv6 only and if you do not have IPv6 on your network, One day, it will become critical when your customers will not be able to access IPv6 only sites. You will Lose your customer to the competitor who can give him IPv6. IPv6 is all about revenue retention and not about revenue generation. Businesses who do not embark on IPv6 are at stake here.
Serge Sanou Burkina Faso: Comment on The problem on the development of IPv6.
From experience, it’s been 2 years since they were sensitized about IPv6. Done a lot of meetings/discussions and today have managed to put in place v6 strategy for migration from IPv4 to IPv6. As long as there is no pressure, some orgs don’t feel the need to move to IPv6.
Internet governance … initiatives must emphasise on the Internet development. Governments must act. What are the means that can be adopted? Governments as well as operators have not yet understood the importance of IPv6.
Owen de Long spoke about customers calling to report that they can’t get to some sites. The customer and even the helpdesk of the organisation will not know the reason. He tested with a major provider in the US. They diagnosed that the problem was with the website.
You will not get feedback from the customer when they leave you because you have not implemented IPv6
HI to audience–– Who has major content available on IPv6?
Do the regulators - e.g TZ peer at the exchange point over ipv6 only?
Frank habicht – No
HI : ccTLDs implementing IPv6?
Audience: ZA & TZ
NRENs – SUDREN have v6 allocations but facing issues with upstream provider
Geert Jan – He referred to Geoff Houston’s posting on his website. He mentions that Internet operates in a specific way. He thinks that providers know about IPv6. If they don’t know, it is a business risk. How much longer do we need to tell people to deploy IPv6 RPKI, DNSSEC.. the information is available. It is an abusive decision to implement such technologies. We should move on.
Adiel Akplogan from AFRINIC commented by responding in a different way:
If your network is not IPv6 ready .. you will not be able to reach some parts of the internet that is on v6 only
Economic case – dual stack. It will end up costing the network operator more
Mahamad : Comment on issues and then submit recommendations What are the causes of the low IPv6 uptake ? Why ?
Transition form IPv4 to IPv6 – telcos have started that. Technology is important and it is coming with other conditions as well. Experts who understand the advantages and those who are aware are deploying IPv6.
As long as government does nothing deployment will always be a problem. Governments are able to guide the policies.
Lastly, since we have a large amount of IPv4 addresses, people will continue to use this.
Andrew: Comment regarding the Academic sector. UBUNTUNET & TENET backbones (East African) – IPv6 capable to the edge. 60% of a University’s in SA IPv6 traffic (facebook , youtube). There is no problem with IPv6. It works.
AKAMAI , Google caches are IPv6 enabled.
Representative of SUDREN : Connected to 3 ISPs (one of them UBUNTUNET – IPv6)
The upstream is not IPV6 capable. SUDREN is looking at alternative ways of deploying IPV6 (tunneling, dual stack etc). They hope that they will soon be able to route their IPv6 n/w through their ISP.
Ukola from Nigeria:
IPv4 prefix from AFRINIC. Service provider not advertising their v4 block and are forced to use the operator’s block.
Regarding IPv6, since AFRINIC does not follow up as to whether the university is using the v4 /v6, the administration will not act.
This is a request to AFRINIC to follow-up on the resources issued.
MADHVI GOKOOL : The University shall investigate with the upstream provider as to the reasons why they are not able to route the IPv4 prefix.
IPv6 prefix for you to use the IPv6 prefix, you speak to the ISP. If they are not willing to route the IPv6 prefix, you are free to choose the upstream provider. Your current upstream provider will lose you as a customer.
HISHAM IBRAHIM: Question on Telcos and IPv6
Mauritanian Telecom Company : They plan on deploying LTE in 2015 . They have an IPv6 prefix and will investigate as to how to deploy it
HISHAM IBRAHIM: Regulator perspective when issuing the LTE license? Will or Can the regulator enforce the use of IPv6
Sami from NTC Sudan : Telco operators have not requested for a license, but are testing. It is not the regulator’s mandate to enforce IPv6.
They set up the IPv6 taskforce (AF, ITU & other regulators in the region) trained over 350 engineers in Sudan and encouraged the ISPs to get their IPv6.
HISHAM IBRAHIM: Government’s role is part of the puzzle but not the only solution or the only way forward
Frank Habicht from TZ :
He wanted to have more information about the upstream provider who does not want to route the IPv4 prefix.
Seun Ojedeji from NG . Comment
Four months ago, he applied for IPv4/IPv6 from University of Oye Ekiti. The request was approved but the university did not pay (even with the educational discount). They were using NAT and it was ok.
AFRINIC follow-ups and the expiry of the PF enabled him to pressure the University to pay for the resources.
AFRINIC issued a /16 to a University and the University used one IP of that block and carried on NATTING on it.
If AFRINIC gives some notifications about the resource advertisement to the technical contacts of The University. IP –business is not of interest to Universities.
HISHAM IBRAHIM: Follow-up with the IPv6 trainees regarding IPv6 deployment with the budget/constraints available.
Adiel Akplogan: Suggestion from the gentleman from Tchad
AFRINIC has sent out a letter in 2007 & 2011 to all government and regulators in the region informing them of the importance of IPv6 deployment.
HISHAM IBRAHIM: Request to do it again form the audience
Title: Africa IPv6 2nd Session
Date and time: 18 June 2013. 11:00 -12:30 Venue: Ball Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 90
Moderator: Hisham Ibrahim
Owen Delong of Hurricane Electric
Andrew Alston, Liquid Telecom
Jan ZORZ of ISOC
Pierre Ouedraogo of OIF
Notes of Meeting
IPv6 At Liquid Telecom experience
Speaker: Andrew ALSTON,
Liquid Telecom started its IPv6 implementation since 2008. As an important part of their corporate strategic plan, their IPv6 deployment is targeted at providing high quality Internet Services to their customers. Andrew Alston drove this program.
Andrew pointed out that this kind of project should be managed carefully according to an efficient procedure that helps to define challenges to address issues such as crossing networks with legacy hardware that will probably never be upgraded to support IPv6, among others.
Despite many fears and troubles forecasted before the migration, the results were better than expected. We can note now a significant increase of speed and Quality of Services on the Liquid Telecom IPv6 networks.
IPv6 Transition How ready We Are?
Speaker: Owen Delong of Hurricane Electric
Owen compared IPv4 and IPv6 in term of assignment unit, address optimisation, address issue methodology, NAT and address configuration. He concluded that IPv6 brings more flexibility and quality of service than IPv4.
Since IPv6 is currently free bringing more services and enabling more innovations in the usage of Internet, Owen’s recommendations was easily accepted before testing IPv6 and adopting it. Many tests have been done and applications are running over IPv6 proving the stability of that new protocol.
He finished his speech by encouraging the audience to adopt IPv6 as it stands to be efficient and make Internet more reliable and secure with no NAT
Mobile operator and IPv6: Experience of Slovenia
Speaker: Jan ZORZ of ISOC
Jan ZORZ, ISOC Trainer, though the Go6 forum in Slovenia as supported the IPv6 migration project of several mobile operators in the same country.
The network infrastructures of those mobile operators had been configured to provide /64 to each customer terminal. Therefore IPv6 configuration tools and software has been built to support IPv6 on the same devices.
However the issue raised by Jan was that dual-stack is not supported on the mobile phone devices.
OIF and IPv6 promotion in Africa
Pierre Ouedraogo from OIF shared with the audience the vision of the OIF for promoting Internet in Africa. This mission could be achieved through the following ways.
Local Internet Governance Forum set up to discuss about Internet development locally.
AFRINIC to train local trainers to disseminate Internet issues within local community
Work to vulgarise NTIC within the local communities to facilitate the dialogue and knowledge exchange
Each of us should act as the IPv6 ambassador in our respective country.
OIF is a partner of AFRINIC and other AF* organisations.
Title: Internet Infrastructure: IXP Catalyst for Local Content Date and time: 19 June 2013
Venue: Ball Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Moderator: Michuki Mwangi
Franck Simon (France-IX) - Challenges of establishing new IXPs and the international connectivity of Africa to Europe
Nishal Goburdhan (AFRINIC) - Africa Internet Exchange Association update
Michele Mc Cann (Teraco) - IP Transit effect on content providers and benefits of carrierneutral data centers -
Fredy Kuenzler (INIT7) - Webhosting in Africa: Outline a business model
Frank Simon described the challenges of setting up a new IXP. He explained why a non-profit model does not work and that they need to have a business model and credibility. IXP managed by operators are also often unsuccessful. They did a market study and decided that FranceIX should be a dual organisation. He explained how FranceIX was setup. On top of their normal IXP services they also offer a quarantine vlan for users that are growing to protect against broadcast. This is a way they devised to keep on expanding and connect new members.
Nishal Goburdhan exposed the problem statement regarding IXPs in Africa. He showed a setup map by interrogating IXPs in Africa. The map was showing “blue” for working IXPs, “red” for no longer working ISPs and “green” that have more than one IXP. We could see that IXPs in AFRICA has still a long way to go.
There is an African Internet Exchange Point Operators Group i.e. a small group of people working together to help grow and foster development. They have a mailing list and they can help to stop the problem of IXP failing and they would love to network with other implementations in Africa.
Teraco gave brief explanation about how Africa is connected to the world and gave a description of the African ICT landscape. They
explained the difference between a neutral facility and a provider dependent facility.
Fredy Kuezler talked about the “init7” backbone Europe. He gave an idea of some general webhosting business remarks. Took the example of hostpoint.ch. He said that business opportunities exist in Africa. They can support your local customer in their local language but the price is still an issue in Africa. It is a factor and bandwidth must be cheaper.
Title: Internet Infrastructure: Access cable infrastructure Date and time: Wednesday, 19 June 2013
Venue: Main Ballroom Coordinator: Michuki Mwangi
Internet Barriers Study Report - Jane Coffin - ISOC
Terrestrial Cross-border Interconnection Opportunities and Challenges
Andrew Alston - Liquid Telecoms
Tips and Tricks for Africa - Mathieu Paonessa - Jaguar Networks
Presentation 1 - Internet Barriers Study Report
The presentation was on the significant improvement in the infrastructure for the past years and innovations in applications around the continent which is being exploited. Jane Coffin briefed on the huge investments made in cables and on the outcomes of the recent telecom infrastructure report on the ecosystem.. A survey has been carried on the disk analysis and interviews across the region, and look at the work done with respect to the connectivity, we discussed about policies remedies, and to provide clear rules to investors across the continent. There is the need to talk to policies makers and governments in building this infrastructure.
Important aspects of the report was outlined as follows.
some broadbands should be removed
cross border connectivity
promoting investments and services
There is the need to build trust between governments officials and they should invest judiciously.
She was of the views that policies should not destroy the market but rather restore the market. The forthcoming event in September is to share information and solutions on the issues involved.
Presentation 2: Andrew from Liquid Building Africa ‘s Digital Future
Andrew Alston briefed on the cross border challenges and how they can be solved.
He explained that Africa is a high continent (representing US and China together) and these make challenges to emerge. However, there is a lack of power security and infrastructure needed for regeneration / repeating. And the regulators are hard to deal with, dealing with conflict zones, trade restrictions cannot go far into a country.
He used the example of passport requirements and yellow fever certificate in order to come into a country to highlight the cross border challenges and requirements from one African country to another. It is an administration issue like for the cross border, there is the need to keep in mind that connecting network across a border, there is the need for a reason and a valid licence to cross the border.
Andrew also introduced the Liquid and Technical Innovation. Liquid deploys some Ultra Low Loss Fibre, DWDM and remove points of failure.
He outlined why a World Without Borders will be beneficial and the means to achieve it. One supplier and one contact and your contact will become more easily to manage.
Circuits are available from between South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia Tanzania.
Traffic between African countries no longer need to leave Africa, the content is already being fed cross border in Africa. A customer buying IP transit in one location gets access to the peering routes fed into the network from exchange across East and Southern Africa.
There is a major component to solve issues and get traffic to move correctly in the cross border. There is a lot of work going to do that with respect to work being done by AFRINIC and AFNOG to achieve same. There are entities like Liquid that can get customers out on the cross border without much difficulties.
Presentation No 3 : Tips & Trisk for Africa from Jaguar Network Presenter: Mathieu Paonessa
Mathieu presented the Jaguar Network as a French company working in Africa providing connectivity to IP Transit to ISPs across the continent, offers bandwidth saving solutions, assist in IPv6 deployment and has helped ISOC with the AXIS program.
Mathieu proceeded on several True / False analysis questions to the audience.
He also highlighted that it is more effective to have an old survey than buying a new hardware. He provided an analysis comparison of an old and new power consumption and cost. The results shows that a yearly power cost for and old server is 366 US while a new server is 48 US, it is worth to keep a new server than an old one, so it is worth the investment.
He also explained with examples of how to move with IPv6 and that AFRINIC has IPV4 till 2020. We should not consider that we have a lot of time since we have IPv4 in stock.
Date : 19 June 2013
Session: Mobile Applications Business Model Moderator: Anne Rachel Inne
Mike Blanche (MB), Dr. Nii Quaynor(DNQ), Dr. Chomora Mikeka
Presentation 1: - Scientific Cultural Heritage and Mobile App deployment
Presenter: Prof. Nii Quaynor
Prof Quaynor spoke about the Scientific Cultural Heritage and that:
There are many things in Africa’s history that have scientific basis
Much of it is not commonly known or understood in modern Africa
This research report is on computational instruments in Africa’s history.
Prof. Quaynor then spoke about the Oware Calculus :
Computation Model of “Game Board” instrument
Books/eBook – publishing through App Store
Game Algorithms – Use App Store as repository
Prof Quaynor then spoke about the instrument and the Basic Oware Board.
He also mentioned the e-book situation and the Games. He expanded on the Game MVC Design, Board Expansion and the “four four” move algorithm , & the applications Oware Obapa 1.1 Oware Nandole 1.1 Oware Game 1.2
Questions from the floor:
Q1: Is the application available? PNQ: It is free and available on itunes
Q2: Can the source code be made available? PNQ: that can be made available
Q3: Are other platforms supported? PNQ: Yes, Android
PNQ: the Objective is to document these algorithms
Presentation 2: Growing Spectrum Sharing (Databases, TV white space and Spectrum mapping)
Mike Blanche started his presentation by talking about his Day job, i.e. Connecting Google network to others (Google caches)
During the presentation, MB mentioned that a spectrum database opens unused spectrum and makes it available for expanding broadband.
The advantage of the spectrum database:
Makes more spectrum available without taking away existing services.
Increases the utilization of the existing spectrum
Allows incumbent users to continue operate as-is
Computations kept in the database make white space devices simple yet dynamic
Mike Blanche also mentioned that there is enough available bandwidth in the spectrum and that Broadband services in TV white space works
Spectrum Database basics include the following steps:
Start with Transmitter data (Location, height, Frequency, Power, Antenna Pattern, Signal type, name or Identifier)
Geographic location (Add terrain data)
Mapping available spectrum (Apply propagation modeling algorithms to calculate OCCUPIED spectrum)
Applying interference avoidance algorithms to calculate AVAILABLE spectrum
The database can then handle queries for available spectrum.
Lots of TV white space available in rural and urban areas– Mike Blanche gave the example of Senegal (where 100 MHz of spectrum is underutilized).
Mike Blanche also mentioned that Google is demonstrating technology in South Africa, serving 10 schools with 6000 students & 10 Mbps of bandwidth being used.
Spectrum mapping can be improved in different countries & talk with regulators
To complete the map:
The database enables more efficient use of the spectrum
Spectrum sharing can help meet universal access goals
Spectrum mapping can provide the right data to facilitate decision-making
Anne Rachel Inné then commented that RENs in Senegal are working with the regulator to get an agreement to use the unused spectrum to get connectivity to the schools as this bandwidth is available & free.
Questions from Floor
Q1: What is the range that can be covered:- A: 10 –up to 25 km
Q2: Base stations connecting schools 10 km apart. What is the amount of equipment required?
A: Equipment is more pricey as they are ordered in low quantity
Q3: Analogue TV frequency is being used digitally for broadband. Will we see a decrease in the tv channels?
A: Depends on the regulators on conversion from analogue to digital.
Q4: Space between different frequencies segments allocated to operators. Scalability – does it mean that each installation must be customized?
A: Guard bands & the geographical bands must be taken into consideration.
Use the spectrum database.
Q5: The model of transmission relies on the database being built by google. What will happen if a TV company put up a transmitter in the frequency being used.
A: if a TV company puts up with the transmitter, that frequency being used will be updated in the database. The ISP equipment will then not be able to use that frequency by checking on the database.
Q6: Quite a few databases around. Is it feasible to have an integrated database per region?
A: AFRICA has been allowed bands to use for the region
ITU representative – can be contacted if needed
Presentation 3 : The White Spaces Project in Malawi Presentor: Dr. Chomora Mikeka
Dr. Chomora presented remotely. He started his presentation by giving a brief statistical overview about Malawi :
85 % of the Population are predominantly rural
Less internet users , but rapidly growing 0.15% in 2000, 0.4% in 2005 & 4.7% in 2009 (based on UN Data)
There are very little broadband connectivity in rural areas and ISPs refuse to provide connectivity in rural areas due to lack of business sense.
However, Telecom masts and towers do exist in rural Malawi for mobile phones usage.
Dr. Chomora then gave an overview of the White Spaces project in Malawi (the project team, the collaborating Partners, the Business Plan, TVWS Scan setup, Results and Discussion.
The White Spaces Scan Setup uses a cost effective RF Explorer, a GPS receiver and a laptop (running Linux bash scripts).
Dr. Chomora also spoke about the Malawi City & Malawi rural preliminary results. He mentioned that there is a need for White Spaces Technology towards Universal ICT Access in Malawi, and to reach out and connect rural institutions.
He also addressed the e-Readiness Assessment and ICT-Compliance Test in Rural Malawi (at the St. Michaels Girls Secondary School in Malindi , the Providence Girls Secondary School in Mulanje) , rural hospitals (the Holy Family Hospital, Phalombe, Chikwawa district Hospital & Mwanza District Hospital)
As part of the project, an economic analysis to analyse the business sense of current connectivity to rural Malawi was one and found to be expensive, hence the need for a concrete business model tailored to their specific situation.
He also mentioned for Mobile that there is a potential Application, in the sense that mobile phone-based systems with IP are proposed to empower rural clinic settings for better health care.
The White Spaces Project in Malawi aims at providing the necessary infrastructure in rural and undeserved places while ensuring :
Low-cost infrastructure deployment
Low-cost broadband connectivity using cheaper TV-band license and
Efficient spectrum usage by using guard bands and dynamic channel shifting.
They are now awaiting the regulator’s (MACRA) approval and partnership to deploy a wireless network using Rural Connect White Space Broadband Radios (Cartlsom Wireless).Title: DNSSEC Session
Date and time: 19 June 2013
Venue: Nallikwanda Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 16
Moderator: Pierre Dandjinou
The three spheres of DNSSEC - Mark Elkins - Posix
TZ practical experience of DNSSEC deployment - Bryton Focus - tzNIC Technical parameter decisions for DNSSEC - Mark Elkins - Posix AFRINIC/ICANN roadshow on DNSSEC - Alain Aina - AFRINIC
Bryton Focus talked about his experience with .tz . DNSSEC is supported but with limitations. DNSSEC was deployed in November 2011 and they published DS records to the root zone in February 2013. Bryton gave a description of the DNS/DNSSEC infrastructure at .tz and explained some of the challenges they faced on the deployment. They initially found it complex and administration of DNSSEC was complicated. They used the ICANN and NSRC training to build up knowledge on DNSSEC. Regarding monitoring, they have used nagios but they told that it is not adequate. They said that .tz is currently only doing sha1 but will do sha2 soon.
They are not going to invest in hard HSM as it is too onerous.
Regarding the ROI, .tz have asked the big companies to sign their zones and their clients and registrar to do so. DNSSEC validation is still an issue.
The way forward is to increase the number of technical training on the continent. AFRINIC one-day training is not enough and should be done the same way IPv6 training is being given.
People using public google dns server to work and we should develop a standard platform for signing and thus reduce implementation costs.
Mark Elkins gave technical details on the implementation of DNSSEC. Current practices are the ZSK length 1024, sha256 for the signature with a life span of 1 month. Mentioned the KSK, NSEC, NSEC 3 and some other parameters.
Mark also talked about the child parent interactions and how keys are collected. The main ways are PEP, Secure Web and he finally gave a brief list of signing platforms.
Alain mentioned that security is multi-layered, routing is not yet secured, ip addressing is not yet secured and DNS is not yet secured. We needed a starting point. DNSSEC is the solution to the DNS problem. DNS uses UDP which is easy to spoof. Root has been signed since 2010 and Alain asks as crypto officer for AFRICA along with SM.
He mentioned that DNSSEC provides a different trust path independent of the DNS itself.
Alain spoke on the DANE working group at the IETF which aims at adding additional information in the DNSSEC zones for additional security regarding SSL certificates.
He explained how the DNSSEC roadshow is working and what are the issues of different countries. 3 main outcomes:
No issues just no time to do it
Deployed but there is a lack of community interest
Do not know how to do it
Alain will give full report at ICANN in Durban
Date and time: Wednesday 19 June 2013 , 09:00 – 10:30 Venue: Nalikwanda
Attendance: 30 pax
Moderator: Nnenna Nwakanma
Technology and business: use of social media for promoting SMEs - Patricia K Litho -Makerere University
Impact on Business Agility - Leo Maluwa -Malawi SDNP
The dotAFRICA (.AFRICA) project: The launch strategy of the TLD and the value proposition - Koffi Fabrice Djossou - DotAfrica
Questions and Answers Moderator: Nnenna Nwakanma
Presentation 1 by Patricia Litho
Technology and business: Use of social media for promoting SME’s
Ms. Litho’s presentation was centered on the emergence of social media in Africa, its impact in Uganda, specifically on SME’s by women in Uganda.
The presentation started by a summary of the current state of social media usage on the African continent, with statistics and figures.
The presentation then focused on Uganda and the small and medium enterprises, managed by women.
A demographics analysis of how young women who are entrepreneurs use social media and how these SMEs benefit from using social media platforms.
Presentation 2 by Leo Maluwa Impact on Business Agility
Mr. Maluwa’s presentation starts with the Information Age: In the modern and fast paced world, information is the new oil. Organisations and businesses that efficiently collect, store, retrieve and present information for analysis and management decision making stay ahead of competition by increasing customer base and achieving customer satisfaction and value.
Business agility is therefore the answer to staying afloat in our competitive business world.
Business agility is:
Making better decisions driven by:
Analytics and business rules
Does not matter how much data you have if it is not actionable
Smarter Approach to Process and Integration
Accelerating application, service and information delivery
Extending reach to cloud
Presentation 3 by Koffi Fabrice Djossou dotAfrica (.Africa) TLD and African Cyberspace
Mr Djossou presented the dotAfrica project and its purpose, which are enhancing African business, having the African community online and furthering local content development.
The presentation also detailed the official .Africa project launch and its progress so far. The launch has been programmed in phases as per below:
Applications for new gTLDs closed 30 May 2012
Currently in initial evaluation stage
Expect dotAfrica gTLD approval expected 15 May 2013
Launch expected September 2013
The 4th presentation did not take place as the remote participation did not allow it, due to which the moderator opened the floor for questions.
The discussions revolved around the use and penetration of social media in Zambia and Africa, the main social media platforms used and how this new form of communication has revolutionised the way we do business in Africa.
It was noted that many African companies maintain a social media presence and this is explained by the new culture of always being online, seeing what is happening online and reacting to what is happening online.
Social media has brought about a new dynamic to customer service, whereby being online has increased proximity to the target markets, allowing for better profiling as per the social media platform and ultimately increasing productivity and business.
Date and time: Wednesday 19 June 2013 Venue: Olive Groove
Moderator: Jacques Houngbo
Regional Threat Profile: How is Africa doing compared to the rest of the world? Team Cymru – Steve Santorelli
Steve Santorelli expressed his appreciation to the way the meeting is being run. He added that he was struck by the passion of the organizers and the warm welcome he has received for his first intervention in Africa. He introduced himself as an ex crime detector at Scotland Yard and then Microsoft before joining Team Cymru as Director of Global Outreach. Today Team Cymru has a workforce of 40 people and is based in Orlando Florida. Steve presented a few slides on the infected parts of Africa and the relative infections rates between African countries. He also showed a photo of Africa showing African bots locations. The three countries namely; Mali, Sudan, and Zambia showed massive differences between 2010 and 2013 in bots locations. He added that there was a growing problem with machines and less with common and control servers in Africa.
He showed 2 tables one representing the percentage rate of infections by bots in Europe and in Africa. The average rate infections in Africa was 10% in 2012 in Europe as compared to 5% in Africa,(about 95% PC based) in other words Africa is doing much better that Europe. In Africa, Botswana has by far the highest infections rates; 72.58 infections and the lowest in Africa are Eritrea 0.31% followed by Nigeria 0.33%.
According to Steve Santorelli, the following measures should be taken to reduce the rate of infection in Africa.
1). Get free infection data from Team Cymru and clear your networks. 2). Raise user awareness.
3). Tune systems to become DDoS resilient
4). Join CSIRT Assistance Program, African training Initiative. 5). Prevent Open Resolves.
6). Network with peers, Leo’s become active on mailing lists.
7). Continue AIS and other great initiatives conclusions. 8). Significant recent uptick in infection nos for Africa. 9). Minimal command & control servers in Africa.
10). Better than Europe 5% against 10%.
2ndPresentation Emmanuel Adjovi
Cyberspace has become the tool for rivalry and identifies key issues and look for role of Africa.
1stIssue: Internet governance.
Global net infrastructure is of great interest to maintain power or influence over other nations. As a consequence there is a soft clash between ICANN & ITU. Behind all this, is a battle for economic interest. The fear is that none democratic nations would control internet.
Today we are faced with two possible ways of tackling this problem.
1). Balcanisation of the DNS (China has done it & Russia is doing it). If ever these two countries join their DNS with the possibility of others joining in, we could have a second block.
2). USA could fight to keep one DNS only. Therefore we could have issues with the liberty of countries vis a vis Internet. Some countries have signed the ACTA.
In USA, some legal restrictions on freedom of expressions on Internet have been set up. For example:
SOPA, PIPA, COICA, E Parasites Act, CISPa.
Furthermore in other countries Islamist Integrists use internet to prone the cyberjihadism.
There are also some other aspects we need to look into:
A geopolitical analysis reveals that there is a class struggle at International Level between rich and poor.
Cyberware v/s Cyberspying.
Emmanuel made the following proposals:
Distinguish between Cyberpolice and Cyberdefense.
As no single state can monitor cybercrime, we have to join forces. (Technical, material & financial). Emmanuel proposed regional cyber strategies. i.e. Define clearly the threats to the nations with the objective of putting in place a regional cyber defense strategy. Also put in place action centre to protect critical infrastructures.
Training in all education systems to be oriented towards ICT with particular reference to cybersecurity.
Improve our legal environment.
The AFRCAN UNION COMISSION to coordinate all the above initiatives supported by AFRICA CERT
The third presentation was made by Palesa Legozy on cybersecurity from the South African approach.
The landscape of cyberlaws was brushed over with key highlights:
-? The Electronic Communications & Transactions was promulgated
-? Regulations of Interception of Communications Act (RICTA)
-? The National CyberSecurity Policy Framework (NCPF) approved by the Cabinet in 2012.
-? Intergovernmental workshop group comprising JCPS departments
-? The Department of Science & Technology was invited R&D Capacity Building
-? Implementation of a Roadway
There were CERT updates from Serge R. Sanou from Burkina faso, Nnenna from CICERT, other presenters from Kenya, and Nigeria.
AFRICACERT UPDATE by Jacques HOUNGBO
Jacques started by asking the floor for feedback and advice on how they would like AFRICACERT to perform in the future.
Feedback No.1: The representative from Benin inquired about the ways and means of how to report an incident for a CERT to AFRICACERT for a particular country.
Feedback No.2: He proposed to add this possibility to the web “How and to whom to report”.
Request No.2: Representatives for each of 6hte 6 regions to sit on AFRICACERT as from today.
Title: AFRINIC Global update
Date and time: 20 June, 2013 - 09:00 - 10:30 Venue: Ball room
Moderator: George Nyabuga
CEO Corporate Update - Adiel Akplogan NRO Update - Adiel Akplogan
ASO update - Fiona Asonga
Accountability and Transparency Review Team 2 (ATRT-2) Update - Fiona Asonga
RIR Updates - Philip Smith (APNIC), Leslie Nobile (ARIN), Sergio Rojas (Lacnic), Andrew de la Haye (RIPE NCC)
IANA Update - Leo Vegoda
Notes of Meeting
Adiel Akplogan opened the session. Adiel highlighted the tremendous access growth across the continent over the last years and spoke on several projects in Africa such as AU supported AXIS, AnyCast root server copy. This growth has had an impact on our small category memberships. To cope with this growth, we have deployed a new organisational structure and bylaws. The community has provided feedback and has introduced changes by changing the Board composition, non regional representatives which can bring value to the organisation.
Here are several main areas where Adiel reported on.
Adiel stated that Board approved a budget of USD 3.5M for 2013, and that one important challenge for our finance is the recovery of invoices and efficient follow up of payment with members.
Under member services the CEO stated that Feedback from members at the end of each process was estimated by 99% satisfaction of the process with smoother interactions with members.
Under training Adiel added that AFRINIC launched new services (RPKI, DNS & DNSSEC, Routing Registry) as well as running high level workshops at events where government are represented.
Adiel mentioned a few stats including that the organisation now employs 37 full time staff from 13 countries, serving 1200 organizations.
AFRINIC still has 3.77 /8s with a 30% IPv6 prefix membership penetration.
He ended by stating some of the challenges that face the organisation such as:
Pushing for a better understanding of Internet Number resources challenges within top managers (Public and Private)
- Hiring of talented staff ready to engage with our community oriented culture
Pressure due to IPv4 exhaustion in other regions.
The NRO is the organisation that coordinates the work of all 5 RIRs, created in 2003.
The NRO deals with the ICANN structure through the ASO, and the NRO signed an MOU to fulfill the role of the ASO.
A new executive secretary appointed on April.
The Coordination Groups include ECG, CCG, PACG, IPv6CG, RSM Executive committee for 2013 AFRINIC (secretary), APNIC (Chair), Lacnic (treasurer)
ASO Address council has 15 members (5 from each RIR)
A weighted formula expense distribution is how the NRO covers its expenses through the 5 RIRs.
The NRO has 3 seats on the MAG, the NRO participated in the CSTD working group on IGF improvements.
The NRO has been active in following up with ITU events like WTPF and WCIT.
ASO Address Council function is performed by the NRO number council, it is an independent body separate from RIR management and board.
Fiona Asonga showed charts on how a global proposal can be proposed and adopted.
The ASO update their procedures, Global Policy, appointments to ICANN bodies and ICANN board selection process.
Five candidates for seat number 10
Second Accountability & Transparency Review Team:
Based on the affirmation of commitment (AoC) document,
Fiona stated that she is the only African representative. There has not been any single opinions submitted from Africa on the review.
Issues include implementation of ATRT1, Security and stability and resiliency, Whois, and whether of not ICANN is accountable for its decision making and actions.
Leo Vegoda from ICANN pointed out that there is a fellowship program to send ICANN meeting.
Mrs Diop brought up the point of not only attending but also participating.
Replying a question on AFRINIC’s hiring plans Adiel Akplogan highlighted the process of online advertising and using recruiting agency, however there are two main issues: 1) not that many have regional scopes, 2) the candidates recommended may have a good corporate background but does not match our environment.
Fiona answered a question on government participation.
Philip Smith gave an update from Apnic, more 4 – byte ASNs are being issued.
APNIC has a transfer policy for intra and inter – RIR transfers. They have a Broker list and a public transfer log.
Transfer usually takes a week or 2.
There is still some time for new comers to get a kick start v4 block based on /8 policy.
ARIN has 2.24 / 8 available and /10 for a v6 transition policy
They is participating at global meeting such as IGF, WCIT, ICANN
Out of 4400 members 56% have IPv4 only, 6% are IPv6 only and 37% IPv4 and IPv6.
LACINC has 3073 members, with 2.3/8s left.
LACNIC has a policy that each new v4 allocation request must get v6 as well.
They allocate 4 byte ASNs without asking and if there is a return request then they issue a 2 byte ASN
RIPE NCC hit final /8 last year in September and are now in final /8 policy.
A current policy that none numbers can certify RPKI resources.
The plans for the year to come include increased registry accuracy, measurements, IG regional outreach.
IANA update by Leo Vegoda
Leo spoke on the Customer services consultation.
KSK rollover consultation on the process got a good number of responses and the Measurement of performance will follow.
There will be a separate registry for returned space based on RIR community requests.
Next step is to develop a software to start the allocation phase. The software will be published to show that it does not favour one region over another.
Title: Internet Engineering Task Force Session Date and time: 20 June 2013, 14.00-15.30
Venue: Nalikwanda, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 30
Coordinator: Jan Zorz
Owen Delong (Hurricane Electric)
Jan Zorz (ISOC)
Martin Levy (Hurricane Electric)
Alain AINA (AfNOG/AFRINIC)
Kevin Chege (ISOC)
The panel presented the activities and mission of the IETF. The audience was mostly composed of IT and Telecom engineers
Who is IETF?
As an organised activity of the Internet Society (ISOC), the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has been committed to make the Internet work better by producing protocols and mechanisms and documentations that people can use to run and manage efficiently the Internet
Which challenge is facing the IETF?
IETF believes that African operators understand best what they need to run and improve their networks, however many of them do not participate in the IETF process due to lack of manpower and time to tackle daily issues and attend meantime IETF meetings in person or remotely three times a years.
Collaborating with IETF
The panelists encouraged operators to collaborate with IETF since IETF Engineers have many years experience in designing, using, and managing the Internet.
Martin Levy of Hurricane Electric recalled that IETF is open to anybody that wants to create or discuss protocols and mechanisms to run and manage better Internet. IETF is the best place for African engineers whose experiences are needed to build Internet that takes in account the African perspectives and needs.
The panelists concluded the session by inviting the engineers to register on the different IETF working group mailing lists in order to participate effectively in the IETF activities.
Title: MAAYA Workshop
Date and time: 20 June 2013, 09:00-12:30
Venue: Nalikwanda, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: 30
Coordinator: Marcel Kidi-Dikiri Introductory Note by Marcel Kida-Dikiri
African languages are barely found in the cyberspace. Therefore many developments are done in ignorance. A Human dimension must be given to the cyberspace.
An overview of African languages in the cyberspace was made.
MAAYA is represented by Adama who spoke about MAAYA and its objective.
ADAMA thanked everyone for co-organising MAAYA & ISOC, AFRINIC and AIS Organisers for this workshop.
Who we are?
What we have achieved so far?
What are our perspectives?
Who we are?
MAAYA created in 2005 during the World Summit chaired by me. The idea to create a network about language diversity.
Three major challenges
How to transform a digital (Social & Economic) into digital perspective for all
How to accelerate the process?
How to present linguistic & cultural diversity which is worth MAAYA is a multistakeholder institution
ITU + Several NGOs
Language and the Digital Divide in Africa – Tunde Adegbola (African Languages Technology Initiative [Nigeria])
The first part of the presentation by Tunde Adegbola focused on language as a development resource.
You speak to me in your language but I understand you in mine.
If you talk to a person in your language, you speak to his mind. But if you talk to him in his language you speak to his heart
To inform a man, you may speak to him in your language, but to educate him you need to speak to him in his language
His second point highlighted the need to care about foreign language.
Diversity is a natural reality; a potent force of nature
Multilingualism is an inevitable consequence of the vitality of diversity
Social interaction is not limited to individuals, communities too interact
Globalisation now dictates interaction between communities at a global level, hence people will always have to contend with foreign languages
His next focus was on managing linguistic diversity:
ICT both heightens and supports multilingualism
ICT brings people of diverse and disparate cultures together, demanding the management of linguistic diversity
Technology provides solutions to multilingualism. Modern ICT is now approaching human capacity in Natural Language Processing (NLP)
The internet aggregates human knowledge and makes it all available to the whole of humanity in one “place”
Does everyone have access; Language constitutes the last six inches The Internet aggregates human knowledge and makes it available to the whole humanity in one place
But does everyone have access: language constitutes the last 6 inches of the digital divide.
Tunde talked on the African cyberspace
For Africa to take full advantage of the offering of Cyberspace, we need to adapt ICTs to African languages and reassess the importance placed on literacy
A Nigerian example: from 500k to 120 million phone lines in a few years
Promoting the “I” as well as the “C” in the telephone as an ICT
IT = Input + Memory + Processor + output;
The phone must be more actively used as an information technology in Africa
He also spoke on redefining literacy
Traditionally defined, literacy is the ability to read and write
Multimedia facilitated by ICT makes it possible to redefine literacy as the capacity to interact with literature
Illiterates can be converted to e-literates by use of the multimedia capacity of modern ICT
Last, there’s hope but still lots need to be done
In partnership with Microsoft to deliver Windows and Office Suite in 3 of the 11 selected African Languages
Automatic Diacritisers, Ònkà Yorùbá, etc
Speech Recognizer, Speech Synthesis
Prescription reminder, e-extention, etc
Speech recognition methods for African languages - Nihman Abdilahi
This presentation showed how to bring learning to villages via ICT devices.
A number of learning Applications was shown namely: Learning ABC, Mathematics application
-? learn how to measure things
-? how to learn values
The functionalities were shown at http://www.demo.alphaomedia.org/
Title: Internet Service Evolution: Impact of mobile access Date and time: 20 June 2013, 14.00-15.30
Venue: Ballroom, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Coordinator: George Nyabuga
Mark Bennett talked about the iSchool project which produced a complete e-learning environment covering the entire Zambian primary school curriculum.
Mark explained the concept of the Total Learning Environment (TLE) which provides some 6,000 detailed lesson plans for teachers covering every single lesson. There are over 2,500 interactive lessons for students with all early grades being in English and 8 local languages and a one- year teacher training course.
Mark highlighted that the whole ‘package’ is aimed at ensuring that even an untrained teacher in a rural community school can deliver high quality interactive enquiry-based learning and the students are being taught to be problem solvers and life-long learners using material of an international standard.
The functionalities of the tablets were highlighted and the TLE has been successfully tested over the last two and a half years. It has recently been launched on a wider scale in Zambia and is being adapted for other countries in the region.
Farell’s presentation focused on the system which intends to help a patient to discover available pharmacies in his area with a list of available medicine in stock. The patient can use any 2G/3G enabled device to communicate with EpharmacyNet. That system contains a localization-based database with a real time description of available stock of all pharmacies within a region. Then the system replies back to the patient's request with the pharmacies in an area of 10 km of diameter that have the target list. Interactions between both parties in the mobile network can be done via USSD, SMS, and voice or data connection depending on the patient device. The system aims to provide home delivery and online payment with mobile money.
The system which can provide a real-time stock availability of each pharmacy and displays (on a mobile device) the nearest ones with all needed medicine.
Title: NoC Report presentation
Date and time: 20 June 2013, 14.00-15.30 Venue: Ballroom, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Coordinator: George Nyabuga
Daniel Shaw from AFRINIC gave an update on the NoC report. Wireless and bandwidth usage, connectivity and remote participation statistics were provided with graphical representations. Some issues regarding connectivity were also presented.
Title: AIS 13 Closing Ceremony, Open Mic Date and time: 21 June 2013, 11.00-12.30
Venue: Main Ball room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Coordinators: Douglas ONYANGO and George Nyabuga
Douglas opened this session by inviting the delegates to the microphone to make any complaint, recommendation, suggestion or compliment if any about the topics and sessions held during the AIS 13.
Suggestions and comments
Alain AINA came to the microphone and said that the question he wanted to put was already answered by the last presentation done by Daniel SHAW.
Mark Elkins informed the delegates that he is operating 2 POPs in the RIPE region. He invited African ISPs that intend to operate a POPs in RIPE region to contact him for ownership transfer.
Alan Barrett clarified that the open microphone was not related to AFRINIC but AIS and highlighted the fact that he couldn’t easily get the information he needed on the AIS portal. The domain name mentioned internetsummitafrican.org when the event is African Internet Summit is confusing. He recommended that the programme committee gives more attention in the organisation of the next AIS meeting to avoid such issues.
He added another comment concerning the organisation of the sessions. Instead of having the different AIS stakeholders coordinating their respective sessions it would be more efficient to have an organisation that coordinate the entire event as one and coordinated programme in order to create more participation of the delegates in the same.
Adiel AKLOGAN came back to the proposition of Mark by inviting African organisations interested by the ATLAS project (POPs running in RIPE region) to contact AFRINIC in order to get support and recommendations for such project.
Miss NAIMA passed across a message about the Web Open Foundation that is working on some initiatives among
Build the web “ we want” as a development and protection of open, non-proprietary specifications for web technologies
Work an affordable Internet access to the community
Web Index harmonization
She invited the delegates to participate to the Africa Governance Internet Forum (AGIF) that will take place in Nairobi, from 11-13 September 2013.
Douglas added his voice by suggesting that the comments made and questions put by the community during the open mic sessions should be effectively recorded and monitored and AFRINIC should prepare a report on the same for being presented at the following meeting.
Mahamat BORGOU came to the micro to pass information about an important Internet and Telecommunication Summit that will take place in N’Djamena, TCHAD, during October 2013. The second information is related to the creation of an information technologies center that intends to be an important HUB for the promotion and innovation of ITC not only in Tchad but also in Africa. Therefore any contribution from any part of the continent is welcome to build this important project. The third and final information is concerning an Open Source association created three years ago that is working to promote and vulgarize Open sources software such as Ubuntu servers in Tchad.
Nnenna NWAKANMA recommended that during AIS meeting or AFRINIC meeting the attention be put on the use of others languages such as Arabic and French instead of only English as communication language during Internet in order to avoid division within the African Internet community.
Sunday FOLOYAN pointed out the fact that a lot of acronyms and abbreviations were used in the presentations without explanation, which can create confusion in the content comprehension, therefore he recommended the presenters to take it in account during further meetings.
Some delegates highlighted lack of information on the AIS website such as more details on the presentations and sessions as well the
conflicts between sessions that took place the same time which didn’t allow some delegates to attend some sessions they planned. It is expected that for the next AIS meeting the Programme Committee (PC) would work to improve the website content as well the session programme in order to create more synergy between presentations. They also recommend the PC to put effort in its next meeting to provide interpretation facilities for other languages to allow the delegates to express freely and easily their opinion during the debates and attract more participants to AIS meetings.
One delegate observed there was no communications or sessions particularly towards peoples in academics. He requested AFRINIC to pay more attention and efforts towards Academics sectors during next meetings. In addition, he wanted to know what AFRINIC or other AIS stakeholders were doing for HEI since he noted few academic peoples, which were attending the meeting. He requested as well that AIS supports the universities by donating routing equipment to help students to practice.
Ali HADJI thanked the AIS organisation committee for organising that important meeting that gathered all the AFRICA countries in the same place during the past days. Then he recommended that all the suggestions made during the meetings be implemented so that the community can measure their impacts after the meetings.
On the policy aspect, he suggested AFRINIC to set up a strategy that helps the delegates to be directly or more involved in the policy making and decisions concerning Internet in their respective countries. He also made other suggestions by asking the AIS Stakeholders to involve the officials and governments in the preparation of the summit in order to attract more governments during our meeting instead of keeping them away since their effective participation in our meetings could help them to understand easily Internet challenges.
Beside the suggestions and recommendations, a delegate took the opportunity to congratulate AFRINIC team for the team spirit that guided them to provide support and assistance to delegates the entire event along regardless where they were from or new attendee or not at those AIS and AFRINIC Internet meetings.
Badru NTEGE responded about the AIS organisation by saying that the AIS13 was a big challenge this year and could guarantee that all suggestions made had been taken in account to improve this summit for next time.
Muchiki MWANGI noted the recommendations about the acronyms used and it will be taken in consideration for further presentation. He added that since next year African Internet Summit would be held in a
francophone country, the other languages will be considered in the summit running. The programme committee of the next meeting will work to accommodate all the enlightened points.
Badru NTEGE responded to the AIS website issue by saying that all effort will be put to improve the AIS Website next year even if we recorded very few complaints about issues encountered by the community when accessing the website.
Regarding the request to bring more support to Universities as raised by a delegate, Michuki responded by listing some initiatives ISOC and AFNOG as well as AFRINIC are running toward High Educational Institutions (HEI) such as CISCO routers and switches donated to University of Zambia.
Before ending the open-mic session, Paulos Nyirenda, updated the delegates about AfTLD Activities report.
Africa Top Level Domain (AfTLD) is a non-profit organization including national registers on the African continent. AfTLD is intended to strengthen these cc TLDs cohesion and their position in the international relations.
AfTLD main objectives are to represent the interests of the geographical ccTLDs) domains of the African continent:
to promote the communication and the cooperation between the African national registers,
to develop the policies of attribution, administration and process of ccTLDs,
to inform the African Internet community regarding governance and to centralise this information to make them more accessible
Paulos invited the delegates to promote the AfTLD organisation in their countries and asked them to invite their local ccTLD to joining the AfTLD.
After Paulos’ presentation, Badru thanked the delegates for their participation to this important AIS meeting and assured that comments and suggestions will be taken into account to improve next AIS meeting. He informed the audience that dotAfrica represented by Koffi DJOSSOU would soon be a stakeholder of the AIS, This announcement was warmly received by a round of applause in the room. He continued his speech by giving some statistics about the AIS meeting:
407 participants from 31 countries
32 sessions where 21 speakers
4038 people visited the AIS-13 website
He concluded by thanking the delegates for their support to make this summit a success and invited them to sharing experiences.
Anne-Rachel INNE encouraged the community to improve the participation of females into our meetings. She also requested the community to participate to AFRINIC activities and subscribe to the mailing lists since the diverse opinions, constructive or not remain the foundation of our African Internet community building and success.
After Anne-Rachel’s speech, which was the last, Douglas ONYENGO called upon George NYABUGA to coordinate the second part of the session that was allocated to announce publicly the countries that will host the next African Internet Summit-14 as well as the AFRINIC-19.
DJIBOUTI was presented as the next Country Host AIS-14 that would take place around June 2014. The Djibouti delegate took the opportunity to thank the AIS committee and express his gratitude to the community for having selected his country for the next Internet Summit. He also presented Djibouti as a hospitality place where people meet to do business and to live in harmony. He promised that his country would take all the measure to make this coming event as one of the most successful meeting we had ever known.
After the Djibouti‘s delegate presentation, George announced that AFRINIC-18 would be held in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, from 23-29 November 2013. Nnenna NWAKANMA on behalf Côte d’Ivoire representatives that couldn’t attend the meeting, warmly presented Abidjan and Côte d’Ivoire and the delegates to join in Abidjan and to make this 19th AFRINIC Public Policy meeting a memorable event.
Badru Ntege then invited the audience to contact AIS committee since the call for AIS-15 was open.
George then invited the event sponsor FranceIX (https://www.franceix.net) to proceed with the presentation of the winner of the iPad tombola they launched at the beginning of the summit. The fellow Bram FUDZULANI, from Malawi was selected as the tombola winner.
To close the ceremony, Adiel AKPLOGAN, AFRINIC CEO, Prof Nii QUAYNOR of AFNOG were called upon respectively to give the last words. All of them thanked the delegates for their constructive and comprehensive attitude during the summit as well as their rich contribution during the debates. Adiel Akplogan and Prof Nii Quaynor expressed their hope to see more participants for coming meetings.
The closing ceremony ended around 14.30.
Title: BoF Routing Registry
Date and time: 20 June 2013, 16:00 -17:30
Venue: Olive Grove Room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Moderator: Alain Aina
Mr Yogesh Chady from AFRINIC made a presentation on the Routing Registry project undertaken by AFRINIC. This is a new service for members to include Routing Information along with their Resource Allocation information in the AFRINIC WHOIS database.
The various steps for creating ROUTE object, adding routing policies to the AUT-NUM object, and creating an AS-SET object were presented. The new maintainer type and its role, namely the "mnt-routes" were also addressed.
During the Question and Answer session Mark Elkins asked how he could transfer his objects from RIPE to AFRINIC and asked if there is a guidebook. Mark was requested to contact AFRINIC member services on this issue for more information.
Title: AFRINIC Service Update
Date and time: 21 June, 09:00 – 10:30
Venue: Main Ball room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Attendance: +200
Coordinator: George Nyabuga, AFRINIC
The panel for the AFRINIC Service update consisted of AFRINIC staff namely Alain Aina, Madhvi Gokool, Amreesh Phokeer, Vymala Thuron, Nishal Goburdhan, and Patrick Deessee, . They reported individually by providing the audience with an update on departmental activities at AFRINIC. Several questions were subsequently raised.
Andrew Alston asked how AFRINIC is coping with the growing number of organisations that are merging in the region with respect to proof of justification of invoices and location of hardware considering the high number of devices involved.
Douglas Onyango asked for clarification on the number of days for response and resolution time regarding the service provision at AFRINIC registration services.
Alan Barrett asked whether the 2-hour response time apply outside working hours and what happens to the 20% of cases when this is not met.
Do people in good standing have to suffer for some members in bad standing?
Ms Maimouna Diop asked for IP allocation graphs partitioned by region, and which region are not using and what AFRINIC is doing for those left behind.
When is the RPKI system when is the functionality is going live and become browser independent. Is there a need for a distinction for , the response time is delayed with process.
What proportion of AFRINIC income is targeted at supporting AFRINIC’s core activity?
Sunday Folayan asked what is being done for the Finance regarding members in bad standing, is the IT department working on something that prevents them from accessing to AFRINIC services
A question from Andrew Alston with v4 running out at a fast pace, what is AFRINIC’s plan with regards to the sustainability of AFRINIC once v4 has actually run out.
With regards to response time, Madhvi suggested that one reason for delays is invalid assignments which take time to clear, and hostmasters is dedicated to this task. For the other 20% where the response time is not met, AFRINIC hostmasters do respond to emails by acknowledging receipt on the same day. Regarding Andrew’s question Madhvi said this is not common occurrence. The bottomline is that policy is same for everyone: 80 percent usage allows you to apply for more allocation.
Adiel added that our service level benchmark is 48 hours. The two hours is internal threshold. Organisations requesting for IP addresses sometimes do not have a proper IP management system, an administrative set up or policy in place within their organisations for IP requests. Then this is not a problem of he hostmaster.
On the question whether members are in good standing have their services delayed because of the bad ones, Ms Madhvi Gokool replied that Registration Services once they receive the request look at the balance. The ticket goes to billing sent back and evaluated. But no one is penalised in the process if they have paid.
Ms Anne Rachel Inne said we have a modelisation programme to see where we stand, with new companies being set up, or more organisations have allocations for half the price. Modelisation and pricing on services around v6 would be discussed at the Board level at the next Meeting.
Regarding Maimouna’s question on statistics, Ms Madhvi commented that we do have a statistics page on our website and her feedback are most welcome on improving those statistics.
Patrick Dessee said that AFRINIC spends 75 cents to the dollar for Member services.
Amreesh Phokeer said that a few services are not accessible when members are not in good standing like e-voting and RPKI. It is perfectly doable to prevent members not in good standing to revoke them access to services.
Alain Aina said that BPKI system does not support many browsers and we will soon make it browser independent. Responding to Leo’s comments PKI structure follow the allocation hierarchy. To get one single root trust anchor, this role is played by ICANN and not IANA.
Chrstian Bope expressed his worry on the need to serve the community equally and distribute the IP addresses equally across the continent.
Title: AFRINIC AGMM-Operation Report Date and time: 21 June 2013, 13.30-17.00
Venue: Main Ball room, Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka Coordinator: George Nyabuga
Adiel APKLOGAN, AFRINIC CEO opened this session by thanking and welcoming the audience for attending the 2013 Annual General Members’ Meeting. Mr Akplogan highlighted that since this year a new Bylaws has been adopted. He pointed some key changes brought by the adoption of this Bylaws namely among new structures of the Board of Directors with the creation of Non-Regional Director (Seat 7) and membership categories with creation of Resources Member, Associate Member and Registered Member. The Bylaws defines clearly the AGM Meeting organisation, which will be dissociated from AIS or community meeting from now on. This AGMM allowed the Webex remote participation and restricted to only members that registered previously via My.AFRINIC portal.
He presented the agenda as follows:
Board Activity Update, by Badru NTEGE, AFRINIC Board Chairman
AFRINIC Activities Update, Adiel AKPLOGAN, AFRINIC CEO
Operations Report by Anne-Rachel, AFRINIC COO
Human Resources Report by Christian Franchette, AFRINIC Director HR & Admin
IT and Engineering Report by Neriah Sossou, AFRINIC Head of IT & Engineering
2012 Audit Report by AFRINIC Chair Audit Committee
2013 Budget Execution by Patrisse DEESSE, AFRINIC Director of Finance
Mr Ntege was then called upon by Adiel Akplogan to present the Board Activities Report.
Board Activity Update, by Badru NTEGE, AFRINIC Board Chairman
The Chairman thanked the members for their participation to this AGMM. He recalled that the new Bylaws adopted on 8 January 2013 brings a new way of driving AFRINIC to achieve its mission and key changes in these new Bylaws are highlighted below:
The restructuring of membership. We now have three categories of membership namely Resource Members, Registered Members and Associate Members.
The introduction of a formal Annual General Members' Meeting.
The formal provision for electronic voting.
The Introduction of a Nomination Committee with an extended scope of roles and responsibilities.
The creation of a Council of Elders.
Before proceeding with the meeting, the Chair invited any body that was not happy with the agenda or had any suggestion to come to the microphone to raise the point. Since nobody expressed any opinion, and the quorum was present, Badru started officially the meeting.
Badru presented the Board Activities Update. He made an overview of the Board Structure before the adoption of the new Bylaws in January 2013, which was composed of Directors from the six service regions of AFRINIC.
Then he presented the structure of AFRINIC that so far had 37 staff including the CEO.
AFRINIC is becoming more dynamic, since we note Committees and Working Groups such as Policy Development Process Working Group (PDPWG) and Government Working Group (AfGWG) did an excellent job to promote the mandate of AFRINIC.
He presented the new Board structure since the adoption of the new Bylaws, which introduced the Seat 7 of the Non-regional Director position and the Council of Elders. So far 4 Board face to face and teleconference meeting were organised in 2013. However the Retreat of the Board planned for End of this year in Mauritius was still under discussion and approval.
The Chair highlighted the resolutions adopted, and he listed the 2013 Budget approved during AFRINIC-17 in Khartoum and the current New Bylaws, the Investment Policy as well the Delegation Authority.
Mr Ntege congratulated the other Board Members for their collaboration and involvement in the running of these current board activities. He also mentioned the fact the North Africa Region Director didn’t participate in the Board activities for a long time. The new Bylaws has set a resolution to sort out such an issue.
The current Board is dealing with some challenges such as Cash management, Resources optimization, Human resource capacity, translation of our legal documents.
AFRINIC Activities Update, Adiel AKPLOGAN, AFRINIC CEO
Adiel Akplogan introduced the activities update and gave an overview of the environment AFRINIC is operating which needed a readjustment of AFRINIC staff, to adapt its activities and services in order to provide a high level service to its members and the community. Beginning as a small organisation with 12 people two or three years ago, AFRINIC reached 37 staff with keeping as challenge to be at the service of the community.
He ended this introduction by inviting Anne Rachel Inne to take the floor for the Operation Activities Report.
Operations Activities Report by Anne-Rachel, AFRINIC COO
Ms Inné presented the key activities that AFRINIC has planned to better serve members through the 3 departments (Communications and PR, Member Services and IT) at AFRINIC.
Ms Inné started her presentation by sharing with the audience the landscape of the increase of organisations number and stakeholders within AFRINIC region over the coming years. This implies that AFRINIC has to think and plan efficiently to anticipate the higher demands of IP resources needed to run their services infrastructures and networks.
Internally, AFRINIC’s 3 departments under the Operations Division are being driven in the objective
To build a solid, stable and secure AFRINIC services infrastructure with redundancy,
To strengthen team work in order to improve the member service time delivery,
To improve the quality of services delivered and the service experience satisfaction of the members
To introduce new publications and websites geared to activities, members and community
To give AFRINIC and its Services more visibility
To support all the above points raised, she went through the achievements of the department’s activities plans.
Ms Inné ended her update by encouraging the members to interact more with AFRINIC staff beyond their need of acquiring IP resources since their points of view would help the Operation team to improve the way of servicing them.
Human Resources Report by Christian Franchette, AFRINIC Director HR & Admin
Christian Fanchette provided the audience with an update on the projects the HR department has initiated for the last two years. He recalled before moving on that the main objective of the HR Department is to optimise services offered to AFRINIC members by improving performance of AFRINIC staff. Mr Fanchette explained the Performance as the combination of four elements as basements of HR projects: organizational effectiveness, motivation, competencies and alignment with corporates’ objectives.
Organisational effectiveness: AFRINIC is running three initiatives that concern the improvement of AFRINIC staff structure, implementation of the Human Resources Management System (HRMS) to monitor and manage any data pertaining to staff and the ISO certification process of AFRINIC working process. He indicated that AFRINIC staffs are from 13 different nationalities from Africa.
Motivation: The initiatives taken to motivate the staff are Staff Birthday celebration, set a Lunch budget for each department, build a Break Out Area where staff take their lunch or have their coffee break, a Dance class. One element he wanted to notice is the full-time contract for expat staff that motivates more many people to work with AFRINIC.
Competencies: Regarding competencies, AFRINIC budgeted an amount to trained staff in order to improve their respective competencies. In addition, a staff forum is organised every Thursday where an employee shares his work knowledge of its field with the rest of the staff.
Alignment with Corporate objectives: AFRINIC management is assigning Key Results Area (KRA) and Key Performance Indicators to any employee to ensure that they are working in line with the corporate objective.
Before concluding his presentation, he shared with the member his expectation to see all those initiatives completed by end of 2013.
A person then raised a question about AFRINIC staff recruitment process. Christian answered by saying that AFRINIC operates in total transparency and the recruitment follows several steps starting by a Position Advertisement on the AFRINIC website as well as through recruitment company channels. The selection criteria and interviews processes are also available for consultation to any AFRINIC member.
Neriah Sossou from the IT and Engineering Team of AFRINIC was called upon to take the floor
IT and Engineering Report by Neriah Sossou, AFRINIC Head of IT & Engineering
Neriah Sossou briefly took the audience through the IT and Engineering report by emphasising on what they were busy with. He recalled that at the beginning of this year the IT department was assigned the objectives to among with to improve AFRINIC Service delivery level, enhance AFRINIC resiliency strategy. To achieve those goals, IT department identified very critical thing on which it is working such as
Strengthen the infrastructure by
Strengthen IT team, composed of the Application Unit (5), Infrastructure team and Systeam
Implementation of Performance Monitoring and evaluation incadtors
Virtualisation of the Infrastructure strategy
Review the strategy of recovery disaster plan and business continuity as well
IT & Engineering Department is responsible for 4 core functions, Service- Desk, Infrastructure Maintenance, Applications Maintenance and Security and Responses Management, said. His Team is made of 2 units: Infrastructure Unit (4 staffs), Application Unit (5).
Regarding the Infrastructure strengthening, AFRINIC has been replacing equipment that reached their using life end by new modules to support the Virtusalisation strategy (Virtualization of Mauritius datacenter)
They completed the replacement of an IP server which is the first machine acquired by AFRINIC and they are maintaining two data centers, one in Mauritius at the HeadQuaters where AFRINIC run corporate services and an other one in the collocation with Internet Solution premises in Johannesburg where AFRINIC runs its public services.
AFRINIC has signed MoU signature with Teraco to deploy a new data center in Cape Town. Meantime AFRINIC is finalizing the signature of a MoU with SEACOM for a datacenter Colocation in Mombasa. Neriah indicated that the duplication of datacenter intended to offer more services to members.
In the chapter of member services support, MyAFRINIC has been integrated to PASTEL, the Billing system. The New Member Registration Portal is being developed to facilitate the enrolment of new member registration and IP resources request.
Application Unit has developed the Web Interface to make easier the manipulation, creation, update of the WHOIS object. It as well developed and completed the e-voting platform, which was being used with success by the members during the election process.
Besides the above, as announced, AFRINIC deployed the phase 1 of AFRINIC Internet Routing Registry that allows members to create easily the Routing information. The second phase of this project will be to mirror with other RIRs and this phase is expected to be delivered by end of the year.
AFRINIC is still providing support to RPKI, DNSSEC, DNS Anycast services.
On the chapter of Training Services, IT had completed the deployment of 2 new IPv6 Labs, one in JNB and one in Cape Town. My.AFRINIC and WHOIS Tests environment is also to be completed very soon.
On the Corporate support, IT is engaged in the virtualization of the Mauritius Data Center and has implemented a new access control system with time attendance, as well as the HR management system. IT is also busy to implement to new data back up solution. He added Collaborative Tool / SSO / LDAP / Mail infrastructure / Mailing list infrastructure under completion process.
At the end of the presentation, a participant came to the microphone to ask for clarification about the WHOIS object creation Web Interface. He highlighted the necessity for AFRINIC to host IPv6 Labs in South Africa and wished to know if all the applications implemented by AFRINIC were developed internally or outsourced.
At the first question, Neriah indicated that the Web Interface was developed to allow those who created the WHOIS Object to proceed now via the web instead of sending email to . He pinpointed that the Web Interface will be fully completed by end of July 2013.
Regarding the Labs, we have 1 Lab in Mauritius and 2 in South AFRICA and the main reason to do so is the facility for access, since we have a
good bandwidth in South AFRICA responded Neriah. He ended the responses by mentioning that all the applications used by AFRINIC were developed internally and in-house. And upon his response, the members made a great ovation to IT & Engineering Team.
Sunday FOLAYAN, replied by saying the Nigeria can offer as well good bandwidth to host AFRINIC labs. He suggested AFRINIC to attract the African diaspora in order to bring their IT expertise. He ended his speech with an encouragement to IT & engineering Team for the work they were doing.
2012 Audit Report by AFRINIC Chair Audit Committee
Since the Board took note of the Audit Report just the day before the meeting, the AFRINIC Chair was not able to present it to the members and promised to publicise it later.
Therefore Patrisse Deessee was called upon to make the financial report.
2013 Budget Execution by Patrisse DEESSE, AFRINIC Director of Finance
Patrisse started his presentation with announcing that the 2012 Financial Audit Report was finalised and would be sent shortly to the Board to ratify. He explained the 2012 finance report figures by pointing out some key elements such as the income decrease of 14% compared to what was budgeted. The revenue reached only 2,7 millions $ with a deficit of 22,400 $.
The low incomes was the result of the non-payment of membership fees (108,000 $ related to 21 members), and the number of members recruited which was due to the delay of recruitment at the end of 2012.
He invited the members to see more details in the final 2012 Financial report that would be posted on the website once ratified by the Board.
AFRINIC has taken the measure to recover the 2012 deficit during the current financial year and to intensify application of a very tight and disciplined cost control.
Patrisse Desssee briefly presented the 2013 numbers. The Budget was built to recover the deficit of last year and generate surplus. For the first 6 months of this year AFRINIC received more than 60% of the current members annual fees payment. In regard of the new member recruitment trend and the number of membership request pending in the queue, we could be optimistic to achieve our goal, stated by Patrisse.
The floor was given to the members to raise need for clarification on certain points as well as making comments and recommendation. The following points among others raised by the members such as how AFRINIC proceed to reclaim IP resources reclaim? How AFRINIC prepare the budget figures? Who produces AFRINIC Financial Audit Report were clarified by Adiel, Patrick and Badru
Members made some recommendations such as for the Board to publicise the Audit Report for members comments before presenting it at the meeting.
The Board Chair promised that all effort would be done to deal seriously with the debt recovery and implement measures to avoid fees non-payments.
Badru Ntege concluded the session by thanking the members for your contribution and encouraged them to keep on sending their feedback through the mailing channels.
The election session started at 5.00 pm instead of 4.00 pm as scheduled Douglas Onyango, on behalf of the Nom Com committee, opened the meeting by thanking AFRINIC delegates for their attendance of this last step of the AIS 2013.
This election was done to renew the Seats 1 and 2 currently filled respectively by:
Maimouna Ndeye Diop DIAGNE with Alioune TRAORE as Alternate and
Nazeer SAMI with Khaled KOUBAA as Alternate
According to the new Bylaws adopted in January, a new seat 7 was created for a non-regional/geographical Director that should be filled.
The conditions to vote: Any delegate can vote by e-voting or by proxy as a registered contact of an organization in good standing,
Presentation of Candidates
Each candidate was given 2 minutes to present his/her self. The following candidates was running for the election:
Hago Dafalla (Sudan)
Haitham Z. El Nakhal (Egypt)
Guellouz Ridha (Tunisia)
Khaled Koubaa (Tunisia)
Mamine Mohamed L (Mauritania) WESTERN REGION:
Dr Alioune B. Traore (Mali)
Sunday Folayan (Nigeria)
Aminata A. Garba (Niger)
Andrew Alston (South Africa)
Yaovi Atohoun (Benin)
Even if the candidites Yaovi Atohoun from Benin and Hago Dafalla from Sudan couldn’t attend physically the meeting, they were allowed to make a video-presentation.
After the presentations, the Chair invited the voters to collect their ballots and to cast their ballots in a transparent box.
Under the supervision of the AFRINIC Legal Advisor, Ashok Radhakissoon, Election committee (EC) and the representatives of ICANN and other RIRs at AIS 13, the vote proceeded in a quiet and respectful atmosphere and no incident was noted.
Once the voting was completed, the voting-box was carried to the others RIRs representatives for counting.
Any Other Business & Q&A
The other RIRs representatives and the delegates had the floor for any other businesses and Q&A time.
Most of the comments made and questions asked by the audience were answered by Badru Ntege, AFRINIC Chairman, Adiel Akplogan, and Ashok Radhakissoon AFRINIC Legal Advisor.
Election Results proclamation
Under the supervision of the Legal Advisor, the counting committee came out with the following results:
29 electronic votes
47 ballots cast
The candidates elected are as follows
Seat 2: North Africa: Haitham El Nakhal (Egypt)
Seat 1: West Africa: Sunday Folayan (Nigeria)
Seat 7: Non-regional: Aminata Garba (Niger)
Closure and End of AGMM
After announcement of the elected new Board members, the AFRINIC Chairman thanked the delegates for the success of this AIS 13 and AFRINC-18 conjoint meeting that came to end with the election of the new Directors.
He invited the community and the members to meet again in Abidjan, in November 2013 for AFRINIC 19.
He finally closed the meeting at 6.58 pm